An Analysis of Accidents Statistics in Malaysian Construction Sector Dayang Nailul Munna Abang Abdullah
Faculty of Business Management Universiti Teknologi MARA 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Gloria Chai Mei Wern
Faculty of Cognitive Science & Human Development Universiti Malaysia Sarawak 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia e-mail: email@example.com
Abstract—The construction industry undoubtedly plays a significant role in the development process of a country contributing towards employment and economic growth. However, statistics have proven this field to be a highly hazardous industry due to its fatality rates despite recognition on good safety cultures. This study will examine the statistics reported by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), Social Security Organization (SOCSO) as well as the Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB). The aim of this study is to investigate the frequencies of accidents occurrence in the construction sector in Malaysia. The documentary analysis was used as a method for data collection. Results gathered revealed the seriousness of accidents in construction sector. All parties with full support of Malaysia government should play major roles and responsibilities by making sure that appropriate safety practices are carried out to minimize the accident rates in the construction sites. Keywords-accidents; consruction sector
significant high level of injuries and fatalities encountered also in the construction industry followed by Japan . Malaysia, recorded a worrying increase in the numbers of accidents occurring at the construction sites by the Social Security Organization (SOCSO) indicating the number of permanent disabilities and fatalities from year 1996 to 2008. Although the construction industry is not the highest contributing industry towards the accident statistics in Malaysia, however, its figures showed a very high rate in the year 2000. With such unpredictable figures reported, accidents in this industry have captured the attention and concerns from both governmental and non-governmental organizations. Summary of major accidents in Malaysia’s construction sites is tabled in Table I. TABLE I.
SUMMARY OF MAJOR ACIDENTS IN MALAYSIA’S CONSTRUCTION SITES
The construction industry plays a big role in the development process of a country where successful development would contribute towards the economic growth generating additional demands for construction activities. It is undeniable that the construction industry is a very active and booming industry worldwide proceeding as one of the highest contributing industries towards the country’s economy. However, such achievements have also contributed much towards the safety issues where statistics showed that this industry has earned the reputation of being a highly hazardous industry due to its fatality rates . With that statement in mind, this research will investigate the frequencies of accidents occurrence in the construction sector in Malaysia and explore into the underlying factors causing accidents in the construction sector in Malaysia. II. ACCIDENTS IN CONSTRUCTION SITES The number of accidents occurrence in the United Kingdom alone saw a highly dominated figure coming from the construction sectors from the year 1995 to 2000 . In the United States, accidents accounted for alone within the construction industry remains the most worrying and dangerous sector although there was a substantial decrease in the year 1999. However, its statistics remains above the average . In other Asian countries, Hong Kong reported a
2005 1) Tower crane broke into two and fell onto four Indonesian construction workers at a construction site building apartment located at Batu 14, Puchong.
2) Iron mould weighing...