Analysis Essay on Chronicle of a Death Foretold

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Alexandra Diaz
Professor Chapin-Downs
English 112 DFB
06 November 2006
Analysis Essay on Chronicle of a Death Foretold
One literary element that authors carefully select is point of view, because this signifies the way in which a story gets told and refers to the type of narrative. In the novel, Chronicle of a Death Foretold by Gabriel García Márquez, Márquez chooses first-person narrative to present his readers with characters, dialogue, settings, and events. Márquez’s choice of point of view affects his reader’s understanding to all of the above in several ways. Márquez chooses a first-person narrator that is trying to present information about Santiago Nasar’s death in a journalistic way, but the narrator belongs to the same community. This makes the reader question the truth in regards to who in the novel is telling the truth and also is the narrator himself reporting the truth. Márquez manages to use first-person point of view to create a fictional character that seems real to the reader by incorporating facts of his own life into a fictional story. He also goes from writing in first-person plural to first-person singular, which is an effective way to show the narrator’s sense of communal guilt.

Although the narrator seems to be presenting his reports objectively, Márquez uses first-person narrative to show his readers that it is impossible to avoid being subjective. As the narrator in Chronicle of a Death Foretold gathers people’s recollections about the day of Santiago’s death everyone’s memories contradict each other. For example, everyone in the town remembered the weather in a different way. “Many people coincided in recalling that it was a radiant morning with a sea breeze coming in…But most agreed that the weather was funeral, with a cloudy, low sky and thick smell of still waters…” (Márquez 4). Another memory that is contradicted is how Bayardo San Román first meets Angela Vicario outside in his rocking chair. “Three people who had...
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