Analysis of Thus Spoke Zarathustra
Nietzsche’s Thus Spoke Zarathustra is a philosophical piece of work, which speaks about crises, which exist in humanity based on the soul of the “last man” in different ways. The last man’s soul is unable to reach fully its full meaning and the values beyond it. This essay analyses six sections in light of this. The sections are: “Zarathustra’s Prologue”
The prologue in Nietzsche's writings has two instances in which there is a highlight of popular consciousness: God’s death declaration and the overman declaration, "Could it be possible? This old saint in the forest has not yet heard anything of this, that God is dead!" (Nietzsche 19). Here the author makes a cultural observation of the idea that God is not as strong to serve as the morality and truth foundation. This does not disregard God’s existence but it means that God does not have the universal acceptance of giving the meaning of people’s lives. If God previously gave the meaning in people’s lives, it is meaningless for this world to be without God. The “last man’s” portrait aims to provide us with the ultimate product of nihilism. Last man’s soul is not able to reach fully its lived meaning and value of the beings existing beyond it because he lacks positive needs or beliefs, which make them to target comfort and struggle with little effort. Eventually, all people become mediocre, and thus pursue invention of happiness through eliminating all sources of strife and worry from their lives. This is illustrated in his question when asks, "The hour when you say, 'What matters my happiness?” (Nietzsche 20). Thus, the overman acts as the nihilism solution. This meaning should be given to people’s lives. “Zarathustra’s Prologue,” suggests that human’s greatness is merely a bridge between overman and animal. Humans are thus not the end all or be all of all existence just like the "last men" consider themselves. Animal instincts govern Humans, these animal instincts directs them to superficiality, prejudice, and reliance upon faith with ease. He says, “Do not go to man..Stay in the forest! Go rather even to the animals! Why do you not want to be as I am—a bear among bears, a bird among birds?" (Nietzsche 22). The illustration of this humanity image is in the tightrope walker story. The tightrope walker makes slow but dangerous advances between overman and animal. In order to overcome this limitation, man has to refine his being by turning away from his animal instincts of cruelty upon themselves and to abandon the superficiality, prejudices, and faith and thereby create deeper things. Nietzsche suggests of victory whereby we will analyze with contempt against all qualities valued by human. He says, “Man is something that shall be overcome.” This is a mark of triumph over the shallow nature of humans and the development towards the overman. Thus, he asserts, “"I shall join the creators, the harvesters, the celebrants: I shall show them the rainbow and all the steps to the overman” (Nietzsche 24). “On The Despisers of the Body”
The "self" does not surpass the body. He says, “The body is a great reason” (Nietzsche 146). It underlies all spirit, sense, and reason and thus directs our thoughts and passions. Thus, he illustrates, “there is more reason in your body than in your best wisdom.” The soul of the last man is not able to reach its full meaning because of the assertion that “the self” is a spirit. Those who take the soul as the spirit are considered as the “despisers of the body". They possess a sick body, which is contemptuous to life and in pursuit of demise. Zarathustra uses harsh words for people who despise the body of humans, “it is their respect that begets their contempt” (Nietzsche 147). He further says that these people have to learn his philosophy. He instead thinks that such people (teachers) will die if they follow their teachings. Zarathustra states that...
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