Land use invasion occurs when the use of a particular land is changed from the use that was originally allocated to it as a result of change in other factors that encompasses urbanization as a whole. This study has examined the causes and effects of commercial invasion of residential areas in Lekki Peninsula scheme 1 with the aim of analyzing the extent of invasion and identifying the effect of invasion on the inhabitants and environment. In doing so, attempts were made to analyze the various land uses in the study area vis a viz the original master plan, analyze the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, identification of the factors/forces that are responsible for invasion in the study area, examine the perception of the inhabitant on the invasion process and evaluate the effect of invasion on the study area. Data for this study were gathered through distribution of well-structured questionnaires to 200 property owners and occupiers in the study area using a multi-stage sampling procedure, thereafter, the 200 questionnaires that were successfully completed were thus used for analysis. The data collected are analyzed with the use of simple descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Findings show the reasons for the changes and their effects on the study area. The results of the respective regression models showed that social attributes and policy attributes are more important than the economic attributes and physical attributes in the determination of the invasion, unlike time attribute that was irrelevant to the regression model. The R2 values showed that 66.0% of the variations in invasion (changes in land use from commercial to residential) is explained by zoning regulation policy presented as building/plot use and change of use permit. Finally, the paper among others calls for review of Lekki master plan, imposition of fines on landlords that converted the use of their properties without following appropriate procedure and increased funding of town planning authority.
The primary goal of urban planning is the development of desirable environments which offer human values, greater living satisfaction at less investment costs and lower operating costs. However, these noble objectives are always challenged by scares and heterogeneous nature of land. Virtually all human activities require land. From the large scale industrial complex, the supra metro-line, the traditional market to the roadside cobbler’s shop all require land in varying dimensions (Agbola, 2004). This array of competition between different landsuses always result is a traumatic change in land uses. The person who is prepared to pay the highest sum for a site is likely to eventually occupy it. Such individual will be able to compete it away from other potential users. By this operation, sites in an urban area will tend to be used for that purpose from which the user makes the highest net gain from alternative uses of that site. This would result in the highest and best use for that land. This scenario has makes changes in land use, which has become part of an urban growth inevitable. Land and buildings will continue to witness conversion of use from a lower rank to a higher rank in order to attain optimal use. The concern of this paper is to examine the causes and effects of commercial invasion of residential areas in Lekki Peninsula scheme 1 with the aim of analyzing the extent of invasion and identifying the effect of invasion on the inhabitants and environment. 1.1 Statement of Research Problem
One particular observed trend which infringes on the goals of planning is the spread of commercial uses into residential areas. Apart from the fact that the process of invasion and displacement of residential uses by commercial uses causes marked changes in the land use pattern of urban areas, it also wreaks havoc on the quality of the environment of such residential areas. The elements of public interest of...