Analyse the Role of Us Cabinet in Contemporary American Politics

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The United States Cabinet (usually referred to as "the Cabinet") is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the federal government. Cabinet officers are nominated by the President and confirmed or rejected by the Senate. There is no explicit definition of the term "Cabinet" in either the United States Code or the Code of Federal Regulations. Authority for the Cabinet rests with Article Two of the U.S. Constitution, which gives the President the authority to seek external advisors. It states that the President can require "the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices." Congress, in turn, determines the number and scope of executive Departments. The Cabinet is an advice-giving group selected by the President, membership of which is determined by both tradition and presidential discretion. Much like the Executive Office of the President, the Cabinet is as important to the President decides; the frequency of cabinet meetings varies from one president to another. There appears to be a trend to hold fewer cabinet meetings the longer the president remains in office. This is because once the President has achieved his aim of welding his cabinet members into his team to move forward his agenda, usually within the first year, the engendering of team spirit ceases to be an important function of the cabinet, from the President's perspective. To promote bipartisanship, especially during periods of national crisis, (Obama has only one Republican on his Cabinet, Rep. Ray LaHood of Illinois) Presidents have appointed members of the opposite party to cabinet posts. For these reasons, Presidents usually prefer to seek advice elsewhere and to confine cabinet meetings to general discussions of administration policy. With Obama’s senior advisors in the EXOP having experience in Washington politics, foreign policy, it is likely that he too...
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