Analogical Argument

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Analogical Argument

2. Analogue: doctors and lawyers
Primary Subject: travel agents
Similarity: jobs that give public service with years of training
Property: must also give the most safety and comfort in service
Although there are many relevant similarities between the analogue and the primary subject (e.g. jobs that give public service with years of training), they are outweighed by the relevant dissimilarities, most important of which is the difference in the level of training and responsibilities. Doctors and lawyers get more years of deeper, more intense and more scientific level of training than travel agents. This is because they also hold greater responsibilities than travel agent, most important of which involve cases of the lives and deaths of many people. They also hold information that, unlike travel agents, regular people cannot have access to. With more knowledge, people will find lawyers and doctors more reliable and people will find safety and comfort in them. Therefore, this analogical argument is weak.

3. Analogue: library
Primary Subject: video games arcade
Similarity: both are indoor public places where one does the same thing
Property: should result in narrow-mindedness for anyone who spends time in it
Although there is a relevant similarity between the analogue and the primary subject (e.g. both are indoor places where one can only do one thing), it is outweighed by the relevant dissimilarities, most important of which are the results of doing the one activity that can be done in each place. Playing games at a video arcade would not give one the knowledge required to make him or her see things and issues in various points of views while reading in the library would. In other words, doing one thing in video arcade would not support one to be more open minded while doing one thing in the library would. Therefore, this is a weak analogical argument. 4. Analogue: Stealing money from the company

Primary Subject: Being lazy at work
Similarity: both are creating loss for the company
Property: should be fired
Although there are many relevant similarities between the primary subject and the analogue (e.g. they both are creating loss for the company), they are overweighed by the relevant dissimilarities. Stealing money from the company is a crime, crossing the law, and it has a concrete mean. However, being lazy at work does not necessarily mean breaking a written rule and laziness has some relative meaning. A person being productive by doing thinking might be seen as laziness by another person. Unlike stealing money, being lazy might not be done in the purpose of disadvantaging the company. Therefore, it is a weak analogical argument. 5. Analogue: Driving a car

Primary Subject: Having children
Similarity: both requires high responsibilities
Property: should go through classes and tests to be allowed
Although there are many relevant similarities between the primary subject and the analogue (e.g. they both hold good deal of responsibilities), they are outweighed by the relevant difference, most important of which is the different kinds of skill and responsibilities needed to accomplish the tasks of driving a car and having children. In driving a car, a person needs to acquire skills that are uniformed in society, such as following traffic signs, while having children is mostly depending on maternal instincts and the various parental beliefs. We cannot argue with the rules of driving safely as traffic experts and government settle them, whereas we can have children and grow them with values that we believe are the best. Also, the responsibility for driving a car is merely about the safety in the moment of driving that can be learned from a book of rules while the responsibility for having children involves lifetime complex issues that have no concrete laws that can be learned in a class. Therefore, this is a weak analogical argument.

6. Analogue: family
Primary...
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