Anabolic Steroids and Human Body Essay

Topics: Metabolism, Anabolic steroid, Testosterone Pages: 4 (818 words) Published: June 7, 2011
Anabolic Steroids and Human Body

The word anabolic comes from the Greek word anabole, meaning to build up. Anabolic steroids increase protein synthesis, which is the process in which the cells create protein from individual amino acids. When protein synthesis increases it results in greater cell growth, especially in the muscles. Testosterone is the most potent, naturally occurring androgen that is formed in the human body. It is responsible for characteristics specific to males and their sexual traits. Testosterone promotes health and well being through enhanced libido, energy, immunity, increased fat loss, increased growth and maintenance of lean muscle mass, preventing Osteoporosis and possible protection against heart disease. Testosterone is also responsible for normal growth and development of male sex organs and maintenance of secondary sex characteristics. Secondary sex characteristics are chest and facial hair, a distinguished jaw line, broad shoulders and increased muscle mass. These characteristics are what separates the two sexes.

Anabolic steroids were identified and synthesized in the1930s, and are now used in medicine to stimulate bone growth and appetite, induce male puberty, and treat chronic wasting conditions, such as cancer and AIDS. Anabolic steroids also produce increases in muscle mass and physical strength, and that is why it is used in sport and bodybuilding to enhance strength or physique. Serious health risks can be produced by long term use or excessive doses of anabolic steroids. These effects include harmful changes in cholesterol levels by increasing the levels of bad cholesterol and decreasing

the good cholesterol. Acne, high blood pressure, liver damage, and dangerous changes in the structure of the left ventricle of the heart are other harmful effects. Some of these effects can lessen by exercise, or by taking supplemental drugs. When used safely and properly, anabolic steroids have many positive...
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