One of the biggest misconceptions about steroids is that it is a magic pill. A magic pill that will transform a 130 pound weakling into the hulk in a month. Steroids alone do not make muscles grow. They only aid in muscle growth. Steroids basically speed up muscle repair and slow down the body?s natural tendency to break down muscle. Popular media has insinuated to the public about horror stories and the dangers. If they are so dangerous then why do doctors prescribe them? Why do pharmacies all over the planet still make them and sell them? To have an opinion on whether steroids are safe are not, it would help to know how they work and what responsibilities are needed when choosing to take them.
Anabolic Steroids are a synthetic for of the naturally occurring hormone, testosterone. Anabolic steroids are used to promote accelerated muscle hypertrophy in both males and females.
Hypertrophy describes the increase in size of muscle as the result of stress put upon the muscle. Muscles go through hypertrophy in order to adapt to the increased demands placed upon them to perform. This is the primary goal of weight training.
Once steroids are introduced into the bloodstream, they circulate throughout the body and are gradually collected at the receptor sites in the body designed to recognize and absorb them. These sites include muscle, hair, sebaceous glands, endocrine gland, and the brain.
Side effects unfortunately come with the use of anabolic steroids. Side effects vary with the person and sometimes don?t occur, however there are common ones. Most side effects come from steroids that are more androgenic than anabolic so they can very depending on the drug. Androgenic is the precursor of the male characteristics of muscle size and strength, deeper voices, body hair, sex drive, and aggressiveness.
Another side effect is gynocemastia. Gynecomastia is also referred to as ?bitch tits?. This is the abnormal breast like tissue, which can develop in males using large doses of steroids. This is also naturally occurring in some men. Gynecomastia develops from testosterone aromatizing in the body and converting to estrogen. Estrogen is the naturally hormone produced in the female body. It is the hormone responsible for female secondary sexual characteristics. Aromatizing occurs when testosterone passes through the bloodstream and doesn?t attach themselves to the corresponding receptors. The testosterone that is left over has to pass through the bloodstream a second time and converts to estrogen. The estrogen then collects to the mammary glands, which are located in the nipple area of a man?s chest to form deposits. They will eventually start to resemble woman?s breast.
Shrinking of the testicles happens in every male that will use steroids. This is unavoidable, but in most cases temporary until use is discontinued. The testicles main function in the body is to produce testosterone. If the body is receiving the testosterone from another source, the testicles are not needed. The testicles recognize the abundance of the hormone in the body and realize they do not need to produce any. While they are remaining dormant, they will shrink. Once use is discontinued and the synthetic hormones are absorbed by the body, the testicles recognize they need to produce once again. This returns them to normal size.
Fluctuation in sex drive happens because of the change in testosterone...