An Introduction to the Human Body Test 1

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SWTJC 2401 Lecture Exam Review 1

Part 1 Multiple Choice Questions Part 2 Short answer questions Part 3 Crtical thinking questions

Chapter 1. An Introduction to the Human Body   

1. This is the study of the functions of body structures. a. Physiology

2. This is defined as a group of cells with similar structure and function. b. Tissue

3. Using your fingers to find your pulse on your wrist is an example of c. Palpation

4. Percussion techniques can be used to determine
d. Fluid in the lungs

5. This is the sum of all cellular processes that occur in the body. e. Metabolism

6. This is the regulation of body conditions within normal limits. f. Homeostasis

7. The systems that provide homeostasis are:
g. Nervous system and Endocrine

8. This body fluid directly affects the proper functioning of cells. h. Interstitial fluid

9. This is the structure of a feedback system that receives output from the control center. i. Effector

10. This is the structure of a feedback system that provides input to the control center. j. Receptor

11. A condition NOT regulated by a negative feedback loop would be: k. Childbirth

12. This is a change in body function that can be measured objectively. l. Sign

13. In which cavity is the brain located?
m. Cranial cavity
14. In which cavity are the lungs located?
n. Pleural cavity

15. In which cavity is the stomach located?
o. Abdominal cavity

16. This cavity is inferior to the abdominopelvic cavity. p. Pelvic cavity

17. Which cavity would include the heart?
q. Pericardial cavity

18. The function of the secretions of the serous membrane is to: r. Reduce friction between organs

19. This plane divides the body into right and left halves. s. Sagittal

20. This plane divides the body into anterior and posterior halves. t. Frontal

21. A transverse plane will cut a body or organ into
u. Superior and inferior

22. This directional term means farthest from the midline. v. Lateral

23. This directional term means farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk or farther from the origination of a structure. w. Distal

24. This directional term is the opposite of deep.
x. Superficial

25. Choose the directional term that would make the sentence correct. The heart is _____ to the liver. y. Superior

26. Choose the directional term that would make the sentence correct: The sternum is ____ to the heart. z. Anterior

27. Which of the following organs is not found in the abdominal cavity? {. Diaphragm

28. This covers the viscera within the thoracic and abdominal cavities and lines the walls of the thorax and abdomen. |. Serous membrane

Chapter 2. The Chemical Level of Organization

1. What are the major elements found in the body?
a. Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen

2. The subatomic particles that make up atoms include:
b. Protons, neutrons, electrons

3. Which of the following particles has a neutral charge? c. Neutron

4. What region of an atom contains the protons and neutrons? d. Nucleus

5. This is the number of protons or electrons.
e. Atomic number

6. As an atoms nucleus decays, it will emit radiation. This is seen in f. Isotopes

7. This refers to the atomic weight of all naturally occurring isotopes of an element. g. Atomic mass

8. Which of the following particles plays a role in creating chemical bonds? h. Electron

9. This is a negatively charged atom.
i. Ion

10. Which of the below provide an electrical current?.
j. Electrolyte

11. This type of bond requires a sharing of electrons.
k. Covalent

12. This is the...
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