An Introduction to Systems Engineering

Topics: African American, Nigger, Race and Ethnicity Pages: 1 (276 words) Published: October 8, 2013
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In practice, its use and meaning are heavily dependent on context.[4] Presently, the word nigga is used more liberally among younger members of all races and ethnicities in the United States.[5] In addition to African Americans, other ethnic groups have adopted the term as part of their vernacular.[6][7]

There is conflicting popular opinion on whether there is any meaningful difference between nigga and nigger as a spoken term.[8] Many people consider the terms to be equally pejorative, and the use of nigga both in and outside African American communities remains controversial.[9] H. Lewis Smith, author of Bury that Sucka: A Scandalous Affair with the N-word, believes that "replacing the 'er' with an 'a' changes nothing other than the pronunciation"[10] and the African American Registry notes, "Brother (Brotha) and Sister (Sistah or Sista) are terms of endearment. Nigger was and still is a word of disrespect."[11] The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, a civil rights group, condemns use of both nigga and nigger.[8]

Some African-Americans only consider nigga offensive when used by Americans of other races,[8] its use outside a defined social group being an unwelcome cultural appropriation. Used by blacks, the term may indicate "solidarity or affection",[12] similar to the usage of the words dude, homeboy, and bro. Others consider "nigga" non-offensive except when directed from a non-African-American towards an African-American. Yet others have derided this as hypocritical and harmful, enabling white racists to use the word and confusing the issue over nigger.[6]

Non-rhotic English-speakers, such as speakers of many British dialects and African American Vernacular English, pronounce "nigger" and "nigga" identically, as their accents do not distinguish between these two words.
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