An in-Depth Study of Ethics and Values Within Social Work; Domestic Violence

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An in-depth study of ethics and values within social work; domestic violence| Social Work Report|
Gavin Simpson|

Abstract:

Introduction:
Short term aim:
Raise awareness for current and future social workers about the ethical dilemmas they face whilst dealing with domestic abuse cases. I also aim to complete this assignment for the purposes of completing an Access to Social Work Diploma. Long term aim:

Bring this subject to the attention of social workers who are likely to face at some point in their career; a client suffering domestic abuse and being faced with a dilemma of how to protect the service user whilst maintaining autonomy of the service user.

Definitions:

Ethics:

The science of human duty; the body of rules of duty drawn from this science; a particular system of principles and rules concerning duty, whether true or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions; as, political or social ethics; medical ethics. http://www.brainyquote.com/words/et/ethics161764.html#ixzz1LEwZbcwe Dictionary.com defines ethics as:

A theory or a system of moral values: “An ethic of service is at war with a craving for gain”; the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession; Ethics of principled conviction asserts that intent is the most important factor. If you have good principles, then you will act ethically. http://changingminds.org/explanations//values/values_morals_ethics.htm

Ethics can be explained in many different ways there are many philosophers who have developed ethics or had ethics developed around their views and ideas, such as Emmanuel Kant, Aristotle and Jeremy Bentham and many more.

Deontological
According to http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/158162/deontological-ethics; deontological ethics, in philosophy, ethical theories that place special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Deontology (Greek deon, “duty,” and logos, “science”) consequently focuses on logic and ethics. No attempt is made in such theories to explicate specific moral obligations. This form of ethics is mostly affiliated with Emmanuel Kant.

Virtue
Approach to ethics that takes the notion of virtue (often conceived as excellence) as fundamental. Virtue ethics is primarily concerned with traits of character that are essential to human flourishing, not with the enumeration of duties. It falls somewhat outside the traditional dichotomy between deontological ethics and consequentialism: It agrees with consequentialism that the criterion of an action's being morally right or wrong lies in its relation to an end that has intrinsic value, but more closely resembles deontological ethics in its view that morally right actions are constitutive of the end itself and not mere instrumental means to the end. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1162994/virtue-ethics

Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism is a moral philosophy, generally operating on the principle that the utility (happiness or satisfaction) of different people can not only be measured but also meaningfully summed over people and that utility comparisons between people are meaningful. That makes it possible to achieve a well-defined societal optimum in allocations, production, and other decisions, and achieve the goal utilitarian British philosopher Jeremy Bentham described as "the greatest good for the greatest number." http://economics.about.com/od/economicsglossary/g/utilitarian.htm

Values:
Values are the rules by which we make decisions about right and wrong, should and shouldn't, good and bad. They also tell us which are more or less important, which is useful when we have to trade off meeting one value over another. http://changingminds.org/explanations//values/values_morals_ethics.htm

Important and enduring beliefs or ideals shared by the members of a culture about what is good or desirable and what is not. Values exert major influence on...
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