• An explanation of factors influencing growth in jails, state prisons, and federal prisons

Topics: Prison, Penology, Criminal justice Pages: 3 (772 words) Published: February 5, 2014


Jail and Prisons Paper
Toshua White
CJA/ 234
February 05, 2014
Mr. James Leonard

Jail and Prisons Paper

In this paper we will discuss some descriptions of jail’s place in corrections and its role throughout history on most of these offenses come with a sentence of a year or less and anyone with over a year sentence is usually sent to a prison facility (Seiter, 2011). On the other hand, prisons have an ample amount of time to work with, rehabilitate, and reform offenders. Prisons do this with the hope that offenders can eventually be placed back into society and limit their recidivism back to crime. “The first jails were created in England and they were called goal” (Seiter, 2011, p.72). Early jails had terrible conditions such as filth, no medical care, and poor food. “Jails were used to house displaced persons, the poor, and the mentally ill because of the vagrancy problems during the fourteenth and eighteen centuries” (Seiter, 2011, p.72). Most of these offenses come with a sentence of a year or less and anyone with over a year sentence is usually sent to a prison facility (Seiter, 2011). ” As a result of this was the creation of the first penitentiaries the predecessors to the prison system we have today were built with the view to behavior modification procedures. (Foster 2006) “There was a study done to determine the link between the security levels a prisoner was assigned and the likelihood of recidivism.” (Gaes and Camp 2009) This study has helped in the development of both the State and Federal prisons and the level of security which is assigned to the prisoners. The first stand alone U.S. Penitentiary was an old military prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas and began housing criminals in 1895 ("The Official Website Of Chester County, Pennsylvania", 2011). The jail system in Pennsylvania became over crowded there for the state had to build more jails in the country to house the in mates. The federal prison “jails are locally...
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