AN EVALUTION OF THE ATTACHMENT THEORY
WHEN WORKING WITH CHILDREN IN CARE
Social Work BA (HONS)
Manchester Metropolitan University
Tutor: Pauline Black
Statement of Ownership 5
1. An Introduction to the Attachment Theory 7
2. Aims of the Study9
Chapter 2: Methodology
2.1 Literature Review & Theoretical Considerations 12
2.2 Secondary Research - qualitative or quantitative 15
2.3 Information gathering & Content Analysis 16
Chapter 3: Literature Review
Applying the Attachment Theory when working with Looked after Children
3.1. Part 1 - Early Attachment Theories, Criticisms & Findings 20
3.2. Part 2 - Emotional and Behavioural difficulties 28
3.3 Part 3 - Effects on Child Development 35
Chapter 4: Critical overview & Conclusion
4.1 Critical overview 43
4.2 Recommendations & Conclusion 45
1. Dissertation Proposal 54
2. Ethical Check Form 63
3. Maslow’s ‘hierarchy of needs ‘ 64
Word Count – 9490 (excluding preliminary pages and references)
This research set out to evaluate the ‘Attachment Theory’ which is central to Child Practitioners working with Looked after Children. The ‘Social Care Institute for Excellence’ (SCIE) was established by the Government in 2001 to improve Social Services for Adults & Children in the UK and recently stated that; ‘’60,300 Children are in residential care in England today.’’(www.scie)
Data gathered from secondary research will be presented in a ‘Broad Literature Review’ and examine how theories of attachment, separation, loss and grief help key workers think about the needs of children coming into care and the implications of secure and insecure attachments when working with Looked after Children. The methodology lays out the researcher’s effective way to highlight significant themes using a qualitative approach seeking ‘insights’ rather than statistical perceptions. The findings highlight criticisms, with the main focus based on culture differences. Concluding with recommendations the researcher highlights the scope for further research on, ‘Attachments’.
Thank you most of all to my lovely family, for supporting me throughout this degree.
Thank you to all my friends, especially, Sarah & Amelia .
Thank you to all my tutors, especially Sue Bell, during my 3rd year.
STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP
I Certify, that this dissertation is of my own account, based upon my own work actually carried out by me and that all sources of material, not resulting from my own investigation, have been clearly indicated.
Furthermore, that no part of this work incorporated in the dissertation is a quotation from published or unpublished sources, except where it has been clearly acknowledged as such, and that any specific direction or advice received is also properly acknowledged.
1.1 An Introduction to the Attachment Theory
Traditionally, it is believed that the family environment in which a child grows up in can have’ a powerful influence on a child’s future development and life chances’. (Crawford:2005) The ‘Attachment Theory’ provides social workers...