An Audit of the Diversity of the United States Air Force

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University of Houston – Victoria

School of Business Administration

MKT 6353 – MANAGEMENT OF DIVERSITY IN ORGANIZATIONS

An Audit of the Diversity of the United States Air Force

Submitted By:

July 18, 2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Executive Summary………………………………………………………………………….3 Air Force Organizational Background………………………………………………….……4 Group’s Criteria for a Diverse Organization…………………………………………………5 Description of Interviews and Visits…………………………………………………………7 Evaluation of the Air Force in Terms of Diversity…………………………………………..10 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………11 Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………..13 APPENDECIES

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Through conducting a diversity audit on the United States Air Force using quantitative and qualitative information, we have observed that this division of the U.S. military has come a long way in the past two decades to make diversity one of the foundations to build and foster an environment where every individual is valued and respected. The company background shows that the USAF has hundreds of thousands of active duty personnel and civilian personnel working at any given time. Our criteria for a diverse organization includes pay equity and employment equity irrespective of caste, race, religion, sex, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, marital status, or age. The USAF should create a work environment in which all military and civilian personnel interact with fairness, integrity, and respect. The interviews conducted on Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, TX show that the Air Force’s espoused and operational values are in line with one another. The Air Force is in the phase III, making change an everyday activity, of the inclusion breakthrough. Our audit has proven that this organization has embraced diversity from a top down commitment to create an environment where differences between people are used to achieve mission excellence and sustain dominance in air, space, and cyberspace.

AIR FORCE ORGANIZATIONAL BACKGROUND
The mission of the United States Air Force is to fly, fight and win … in air, space and cyberspace. To achieve that mission, the Air Force has a vision of Global Vigilance, Reach and Power. That vision orbits around three core competencies: developing Airmen, technology to war fighting and integrating operations (United States Air Force, 2010). The United States Air Force is a division of the U.S. military, with primary responsibility for air defense, warfare and military space research. It also provides air services in coordination with the Army, Navy and Marines. The core values of the Air Force include Integrity First, Service before Self and Excellence in All We Do. U.S. military activities in the air began with army use of balloons for reconnaissance during the Civil War and the Spanish-American War. In 1907 the Aeronautical Division of the Signal Corps was created. In 1920 the Army Reorganization Act created the Air Service (after 1926, Air Corps) as a unit of the Army and in 1941 it became the Army Air Forces. In 1947 the independent U.S. Air Force was created and became part of the newly created Department of Defense headquartered at the Pentagon (Lambeth 2000). Separate operating agencies of the Air Force include the Air Force Reserve, the Air Force Intelligence Service, and the U.S. Air Force Academy (Melinger 1997). The Department of the Air Force organizational hierarchy is headed by the Secretary of the Air Force, who is supported by a staff called the Secretariat. The Chief of Staff, USAF, heads the Air Staff, and the military heads of the major commands report to the Chief of Staff. Most units of the Air Force are assigned to one of the major commands. Major commands are headed by general officers and have broad functional responsibilities. Commands may be divided into numbered air forces. The fundamental unit of the working Air Force is the wing. The typical Air Force base is built around a wing. Some wings...
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