A.Philippine Mining Act of 1995
B.People’s Small-Scale Mining Act of 1991
C.Local government measures
II.Mining operations in Compostela Valley
A.Based on the mining acts’ fallacious scope and contents B.Based on government agencies’ and officials’ response/action IV.Assessment
Introduction: The Philippines, having rich mineral resources and being a suitable place for the mining industry to flourish, has encountered numerous environmental disasters since the early years brought about by the failure of its mining laws and measures, and no justification can be made to rationalize the destructive mining activities. I.The mining acts and measures to be focused on and assessed in this study are the Philippine Mining act of 1995, the People’s Small-Scale Mining Act of 1991 and some local government measures in Compostela Valley. A.The Philippine Mining Act of 1995 generally asserts that “ it shall be the responsibility of the State to promote their rational exploration, development, utilization and conservation through the combined efforts of government and the private sector in order to enhance national growth in a way that effectively safeguards the environment and protect the rights of affected communities”(Philippine Judicial Academy) though it allows certain mining rights that merely open great opportunities of transnational corporation investments in mining in our country. B.Meanwhile, the People’s Small-Scale Mining Act of 1991 declares “ the policy of the State to promote, develop, protect and rationalize viable small-scale mining activities in order to generate more employment opportunities and provide an equitable sharing of the nation’s wealth and natural resources, giving due regard to existing rights as herein provided” (Philippine Judicial Academy); but with the pressing globalization in our mining industry, where corporations become more favorable to the government, small-scale miners are bound to lose their jobs. C.Lastly, the local government measures as acknowledged by the National Development Council (NDC) (1986), are Conduct of Geophysical and Geochemical Surveys, Conduct of Mineral Exploration Activities, Conduct of Mineral land Survey, Provision of Mining Services and Regulation of Mining Operation, and Implementation of the Development Program for Gold Small Scale Mining in Davao Province which are all well-written words but are not consistently lived out in the mining areas. II.The mining operations that the acts and measures govern in Compostela Valley are generally the two basic modes of mining operation - small-scale and large scale mining. A.Small-scale mining is the first prevalent mining operation in Compostela Valley with which employment is one main social benefit; hence, it is a definite boost to the region’s economic life albeit the building of tunnel, conduct of digging operations, and cutting of forest trees result in landslides, cave-ins and fatality to the miners (National Development Council 1986). B.On the other hand, in our country which now favors the mining industry to be employing cheaper but usually more destructive methods, large-scale mining has been a prominent mining process which usually involves the clearing of...