An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology

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AN ANALYTIC DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH ETYMOLOGY
An Introduction

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AN ANALYTIC DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH ETYMOLOGY
An Introduction

ANATOLY LIBERMAN
WITH THE ASSISTANCE OF J. LAWRENCE MITCHELL

University of Minnesota Press
Minneapolis London

Copyright 2008 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. Published by the University of Minnesota Press 111 Third Avenue South, Suite 290 Minneapolis, MN 55401-2520 http://www.upress.umn.edu Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Liberman, Anatoly. An analytic dictionary of English etymology : an introduction / Anatoly Liberman ; with the assistance of J. Lawrence Mitchell. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-8166-5272-3 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 0-8166-5272-4 (alk. paper) 1. English language—Etymology—Dictionaries. I. Mitchell, J. Lawrence. II. Title. PE1580.L53 2008 422.03—dc22 2007047224 Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper The University of Minnesota is an equal-opportunity educator and employer. 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

To the lasting memory of David R. Fesler

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CON T E N T S

Abbreviations of Linguistic Terms and Names of Languages ix Introduction: The Purpose and Content of a New Dictionary of English Etymology xi The Etymologies at a Glance xxxiii An Analytic Dictionary of English Etymology Adz(e) Beacon Bird Boy Brain Chide Clover Cob Cockney Cub Cushat Doxy Drab Dwarf Eena Ever Fag, Fag(g)ot Fieldfare 1 3 9 13 20 24 26 31 35 41 43 45 46 46 62 64 67 70 Filch Flatter Fuck Gawk Girl Heather Heifer Hemlock Henbane Hobbledehoy Horehound Ivy Jeep Key Kitty-corner Lad Lass Lilliputian Man 74 75 78 87 94 100 101 105 108 111 114 117 123 126 133 135 144 146 149 Mooch Nudge Oat Pimp Rabbit Ragamuffin Robin Skedaddle Slang Slowworm Strumpet Stubborn Toad Traipse Trot Understand Witch Yet 157 165 170 174 176 181 184 186 189 196 201 203 205 207 208 210 215 224

Bibliography 233 Index of Subjects 313 Index of Words 317 Index of Personal and Place Names 349

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ABBR E V I AT ION S OF L I NGU I ST IC T E R M S A N D NA M E S OF L A NGUAGE S

For abbreviations of titles and proper names see the bibliography. adj adv AF AFr Amer AS Av AV Bav Br Bulg Celt Corn Dan dial dimin Du E ed(s) EFr esp f F Far fasc Finn Fl Fr G Gael gen adjective adverb Anglo-French Anglo-Frisian American Anglo-Saxon Avestan Authorized Version Bavarian Breton Bulgarian Celtic Cornish Danish dialect diminutive Dutch English edition(s), editor(s), edited East Frisian especially feminine French Faroese fascicle Finnish Flemish Frisian German Gaelic genitive Gk Gmc Go Gr Hebr HG Hitt Icel IE Ir IrE Ital Kent L Lanc Latv LG Lith loc cit LS m MDu ME MF MHG MI ML MLG ModAmerE ModDu ModE ix

Classical Greek Germanic Gothic Greek Hebrew High German Hittite Icelandic Indo-European Irish Irish English Italian Kentish Latin Lancashire Latvian Low German Lithuanian loco citato (“in the place cited”) Low Saxon masculine Middle Dutch Middle English Middle French Middle High German Middle Irish Medieval Latin Middle Low German Modern American English Modern Dutch Modern English

Abbreviations

ModF ModG ModI ModIr ModIt ModSp ModSw MSw n N n. d. Northumbr n. p. OD OE OF OFr OHG OI OIr OLG OPr ORuss OS OScand OSl Oss OSp OSw Pers PIE

Modern French Modern German Modern Icelandic Modern Irish Modern Italian Modern Spanish Modern Swedish Middle Swedish neuter Norwegian no date Northumbrian no indication of publisher Old Danish Old English Old French Old Frisian Old High German Old Icelandic Old Irish Old Low German Old Prussian Old Russian Old Saxon Old...
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