1.The world has witnessed a strategic shock following the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in the United States of America (USA) on September 11, 2001 and the recent global recession which shocked nations’ economies and the threat poised to states’ security. It is very clear that in this globalised and networked world, interdependencies of our economies are common and therefore the world found itself in a chain of shared pain due to the economic crisis.
2.The United Kingdom (UK) experienced a ‘pain exercise’ on the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) established on October 2010, that brought significant political debates .It can be argued that the consequences of the global recession can be also felt in areas of defence and other related security sectors. A vivid example is the trend of budget cuts in the USA and UK. Charlie Lightfoot and John Runeckles of the Jane’s Magazine, write:
“It is no secret that the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) is under intense budgetary pressure. With GBP 4.3 billion (USD 6.8 billion) in non-frontline savings to be made by 2014-15, a large number of industry contracts are being, and will continue to be, re-negotiated or cancelled…”
Arguably, the global recession had an impact in the defence sector and this led to the delays and even canceling to some of the defence programmes to many developed countries in the World. Many Western countries (Super Powers) are struggling to balance their resources and commitments and also the need to deal with the emerging security trends.
3.There are some challenging questions like: Are these countries able to sacrifice their global influence in the name of economic crisis? What about their internal societal problems like the state of unemployment and the rising costs of living in the respective countries?...