An Analysis of A Proposed Ordinance for Olongapo City, Zambales, Philippines

Topics: Prostitution, Discrimination, Human trafficking Pages: 78 (23263 words) Published: May 20, 2014


Table of Contents

Introduction

Buklod Center, Inc. is a Philippine non-government organization that provides various activities that promote women empowerment in Olongapo. They conduct activities various activities to push for their advocacy such as education, livelihood,information on prostitution and trafficking to women, and protection of children and women from violence. Buklod, since its inception, has been conducting these services and has had significant impact to the women of Olongapo, giving them more opportunities to improve their standards of living. Buklod has served as a refuge to women from all walks of life - especially the prostituted women from Olongapo.

However, throughout its existence, the organization has faced various threats to its existence, with financial stability being the most prominent. Due to this problem, Buklod has had to rely on donations and its small enterprise of selling bags, wallets, and the like. Because of this, the opportunity to exapand its operations and outreach initiatives remains minimal. To add to this, the impact of its programs, although insightful, remains hard to implement because of the monetary needs of its members.

Given this, the group aims to propose a solution that can address the problem of financial stability of the women, particularly those who are formerly or currently working in the sex industry, of Buklod and the sustainability of Buklod. This study aims to propose an ordinance to the city of Olongapo that will provide sustainability for Buklod, its programs, and more importantly, improve the lifestyle of the women of Olongapo. This ordinance will be in partnership with Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) and its Community-Based livelihood program. The project’s feasibility will be assessed through a cost-benefit analysis in order to assess the possible and expected benefits and costs.Overall, this proposed solution aims to improve the overall conditions of women in Olongapo and eventually, the entire country. Situation and Profile

About Olongapo

Olongapo is located in the southernmost portion of the Zambales province, and on the western coast of Central Luzon. Before, Olongapo, among other lands adjacent to it, used to be a designated Naval Reservation territory of the United States through the Executive Order issued by former US President Theodore Roosevelt, until the Senate of the Philippines terminated the stay of the US Military Bases in the Philippines in 19911. Since then, the lands that were designated Naval Reservation territory of the US, including Olongapo, were converted into an industrial zone2. As certified by the National Statistics Office (NSO), Olongapo was the first highly urbanized chartered city in its province3.

In accordance with the Local Government Code of 1991, Olongapo City is governed by a Mayor, the Chief Executive Officer, a Sangguniang Panlungsod, the legislative body, and a Vice Mayor, the presiding officer of the Sangguniang Panglungsod4. The city is made out of 17 barangays, in which each is governed by a Barangay Chairman and a Barangay Council5. These barangays are located mainly in urbanized portions of the city.

Based on the most recent data provided by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), Olongapo City has a population of 221,178 individuals6. However, based on the 2011 data provided by the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS), 33,929 individuals out of the total population were migrants. In fact, according to the official website of Olongapo City, the complicated and least manageable dimension of their population is migration7. Furthermore, people are known to migrate to Olongapo City for work-related reasons8. Based on the survey conducted by CBMS, 60 percent of the migrants were unemployed before moving to Olongapo City, and an overwhelming 91.2 percent of these were able to get employed when they were in the city already9....
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