An Analysis of Sherlock Holmes Short Stories

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Interviewer: Good evening everyone. In tonight’s program we have a special guest Chuck Testa, author of novels and stories of ‘Sherlock Holmes’ with us here. Please give her a warm welcome.

Chuck: Thank you; I was genuinely excited when I received the invitation to come and talk on the show.

Interviewer: Now, this novel has been highly recommended and useful as a related text for this particular area of study, belonging. Why do you think that is? Could you elaborate on that?

Chuck: Well, this novel contains short stories in which the protagonist, detective ‘Sherlock Holmes’ and partner, doctor ‘John Watson’ embark a journey which is usually a case of murder of theft. In these ‘stories’ they encounter various characters and the reader is given an overview of their life story; specifically, in the story ‘A Study in Scarlet’. As Sherlock discovers the motive behind the killings, the reader is given the perspective of the killer and his reason for the murders. We can relate his experiences to the consequences of belonging and how the character may feel a loss of identity if he conforms.

Each short story in this novel deals with different situations and aspects of belonging, which makes it such a fantastic related text to use. Throughout the book, the reader is reading the events from Watson’s perspective which allows us to understand his thoughts and opinions. We read his adventures with the great detective Sherlock and gradually begin to understand his obscure mental state of mind. Ironically, the fictional detective is highly admired and respected by other detectives and police, yet it is evident he feels isolated and alienated due to his lack of ability to socialise with others.

Although the character ‘Watson’ narrates his experiences, the reader hardly hears of his experiences even when Holmes isn’t around. Holmes is clearly the focus of the doctor’s storytelling which makes Watson a ‘peripheral narrator’. This means Watson is a biased narrator;...
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