An Analysis of Animal Farm by George Orwell

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The book Animal Farm by George Orwell is a novel which describes how animals were able to take power away from men and start a new society. The story shows that the teachings of an intellectual pig were used posteriorly to start a revolution in which its leaders, Snowball and Napoleon, claimed to guarantee freedom and equality between the animals. Nonetheless, one of the leaders was corrupt and he was more interested in gaining power in the farm and consequently becoming “man”, the enemy. This novel is clearly an allegory to the Russian Revolution, in other words, it is a story that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden political meaning, since the characters of Animal Farm have similar actions and characteristics to the people involved in the Revolution in Russia -------------------------------------------------

Mr. Jones is a character from “Animal Farm” which can be compared with Czar Nicholas II due to their similar personalities, such as stubbornness and persistency to not to change. -------------------------------------------------

When Nicholas II assumed the throne, he was deeply influenced by his father and had a broad education. Nevertheless, “he found it much more difficult to grasp the complexities of economics and politics […] and felt profoundly unprepared for the responsibility that was thrust upon him (Nicholas II)”. In the novel Animal Farm, most of the times “Jones would lounge in his Windsor chair in the kitchen, reading the newspaper, drinking, and occasionally feeding Moses on crusts of bread soaked in beer, […] the fields were full of weed, the buildings wanted roofing, the hedges were neglected and the animals were underfed (Orwell, 18-19)”. In brief, Mr. Jones shows irresponsibility and lack of determination when running his farm, the same way the Czar acted when he was in power. -------------------------------------------------

Nicholas was dealing with a tough beginning of his reign and, to worsen the situation, public dissatisfaction resulted in peaceful conflicts. Nonetheless, the response was violent: “Public celebrations were held at Khodynka, but the huge crowds that gathered there got out of hand and several thousand people were crushed to death (Nicholas II)”. In the novel, Mr. Jones treats his animals in a similar way, so ruthless that “no animal escapes the cruel knife in the end […] as for the dogs, when they grow old and toothless, Jones ties a brick round their necks and drowns them in the nearest pond (Orwell, 0)”. All in all, as the Russian people, the animals also suffered with their leader’s mistreatments and indifference. -------------------------------------------------

After a conflict in which many of Russian people died, the royal family did not seem to care about their reign’s future, as “that night the newly crowned emperor and empress appeared at a ball, apparently oblivious to the catastrophe. The image of Nicholas II enjoying himself while many of his subjects lay dead gave his reign a sour start (Nicholas II)”. Jones is likewise an idle man. He exploits the animals, “sets them to work, he gives them the bare minimum that will prevent them from starving, and the rest […] have all gone to market to bring in money for Jones and his men. (Orwell 8).” Both of them seem to be unconcerned about their country or farm, as they are enjoying themselves meanwhile their people are starving or being killed. -------------------------------------------------

Nicholas’s weakness was exposed since his troops were losing quality. After arguing with some ministers, the Czar remained absent “after August 1915, and he spent most of his time at headquarters away from Petrograd (Nicholas II)”. Likewise did Jones and his men, who “after only a moment or two they gave up trying to defend themselves and took to their heels (Orwell 20)”. Although for different reasons, both Jones and Nicholas were absent during tough times in their region.

As previously described, Mr. Jones and Czar...
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