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  • Topic: Momordica, Bitter melon, Cucurbitaceae
  • Pages : 2 (587 words )
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  • Published : November 14, 2012
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I. Introduction

Ampalaya is general known as Bitter Melon. Scientific name called Momordica charantia, amplaya plant climbs uses the vine and it can grow about 20 centimeters this plant came from the family of Cucurbitaceae, which is a tropical plant. The heart shaped of ampalya which diameter’s 5 to 10 centimeters. The fruits are colored green the tip is pointed at length. The physical appearance of amplaya fruit is pointed and wrinkled and its taste is bitter. The medicinal value we can get is a substance called momorcidin.

Generations has proved that the amplaya is well effective for many aliments especially to Diabetic person. This herb contains with a mixture of flavanoids and alkaloids that makes the Pancreas healthy and gives more insulin that manage controls the blood sugar. The other value, is it is also good source of vitamins C and A, B, calcium, iron, phosphorous and folic acid.

II. Summary:

Ampalaya is the indigenous name of Bitter Melon or Momordica charantia Linn., a vegetable native to the Philippines and Southeast Asia, known for its bitter taste. A popular vegetable often grown by many households, the Ampalaya vine can grow up to 5 meters and its leaves can reach to about 4 to 10 cm. Its yellow flowers are both "male" and "female".

The Ampalaya fruit is usually eaten while still green because as the fruit ripens its taste grows bitterer. During preparation, the seeds, which turn from white to red over time, are removed to lessen the bitterness. The skin is retained and proves to be soft and tender once cooked. Used as a regular vegetable ingredient for many Asian dishes, the Ampalaya is also significant for its well-documented blood sugar-lowering effect. Aside from being rich in fiber and nutrients such as iron and potassium, several key compounds have been identified in the fruit, notably charantin, vicine and polypeptide-p, known plant insulin that numerous pre-clinical studies and limited clinical trials have...
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