Amonium Sulfate Protocol

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Na+ H+ Wallert and Provost Lab
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Ammonium Sulfate PPT Protocol

Theory and Introduction: Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation is a classic first step to fractionate proteins by causing perturbations in the solvent with respect to ionic strength. Historically, separation methods were limited and as a result precipitation methods were highly used with very fine cuts in ppt conditions. As more choices of inexpensive and quality resins are commercially available precipitation steps are typically limited to one or two initial cuts in the beginning of purification or simply used to concentrate the proteins. The major advantage to (NH4)2SO4 precipitation is that it easily causes the reversible precipitation of the protein and is non-denaturing to the protein structure. Important Points to Consider For Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation. • Addition of solid – Add the solid slowly. Simply dumping in the salt at one time will cause the initial concentration to be much higher as the solid dissolves, resulting in the wrong protein to be precipitated. Add the solid ¼ at a time while stirring on a stir plate. Conducting this in the cold room. Avoid frothing of your solution, this indicates denatured protein at the water-air interface. • Tables of Ammonium Sulfate Addition – There are tables available (see the lab webpage for links) to tables to use for fine-tuning your ammonium sulfate precipitations. General Protocol for MGH Fractionation Using Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation 1. First you will perform a 30 % cut of the ammonium sulfate. Some proteins will precipitate at this point, MGH may or may not. You will not know until this is performed experimentally. a. Slowly add solid ammonium sulfate to a final concentration of 30% (179 g / liter of solution) and stir at room temp for 15 min. b. Centrifuge in the 50 ml tubes at max speed in the biochem lab for 15 min. c. Separate the supernatant solution from the pellet. Resuspend the pellet in 1 ml of a...
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