Topics: Pakistan, Indian independence movement, University of Cambridge Pages: 4 (884 words) Published: May 8, 2013
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May/June 2012

PAKISTAN STUDIES Paper 1 History and Culture of Pakistan Additional Materials: * 1 3 8 3 7 5 8 8 7 7 *

1 hour 30 minutes Answer Booklet/Paper

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or rough working. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer any three questions. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

This document consists of 3 printed pages and 1 blank page.
DC (NH) 41135/4 © UCLES 2012

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2 1 Read the source below carefully to answer question (a). In 1756, the French encouraged the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj-ud-Daulah, to attack the East India Company’s base at Calcutta. He captured the city but was unable to keep control of it. Robert Clive decided to go to the city with a force of soldiers to retake it. This led to the battle of Plassey. (a) Describe the battle of Plassey. (b) Explain why the Mughal Empire declined following the reign of Aurangzeb. [4] [7]

(c) Was the greased cartridge incident the most important cause of the War of Independence of 1857? Explain your answer. [14]


Read the source below carefully to answer question (a). During the First World War, Congress and the Muslim League had moved closer together, partly due to the failure of the British to grant more rights to the Indians before 1914. During the war, the British realised that concessions had to be made and let it be known that they were proposing a number of these. The Muslim League and...
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