Basic documents have always played an imperative role in defining the American political system. Specifically, the Declaration of Independence (1776) and the Constitution (1789) founded the federal government. Moreover, status of an independent political entity was established by the previous document, while the later one has created basic infrastructure of the federal government, it has remained same throughout several decades. (Brogan, 2008)
In order to understand the evolution of American political system, it is very imperative to converse about different institutional frameworks that are the pillars of the political system. Since 1887, a shift from the antebellum to the Civil War has been observed in the constitutional system which affected the political system as well. Moreover, late 19th century observed another shift to the reconstruction era, and thus, American political system has evolved in shifts since 1887. In the twentieth century, the era of Roosevelt, a rise was observed in the constitutional system of activist state that was curtailed in the 1970s, as well as, 1980s. (Brogan, 2008)
In brief, experience ever-shifting balances that have always been involved in the American political system, such as democratic power versus judicial review, activist state versus individual liberty, executive power versus congressional oversight, and so on. In addition, expansion of political population (Henry Adams) (Brogan, 2008) can be related with the evolution of American political system, as only those people governed who had the power to participate in the system. The American political system went through colonial period, then elimination of property qualification in 1800s, Black Americans were not allowed to participate in the system. Later, the 15th Amendment endeavored to support African-American population’s participation in the system. In 1920, 19th Amendment observed the struggle of women. Some later reforms resulted in modification in voting age...
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