American Pageant Chap. 4
Yeoman farmers- Minor landowners who were prosperous farmers. Headright system- A legal land grant of 50 acres to any settler who brought over a servant worker. Gullah- African Americans who lived in the Lowcountry region of South Carolina and Georgia. Proprietors- People who had the exclusive right or title to something Halfway Covenant- A form of partial church membership that enabled less faithful believers, children and grand children to receive covenants. Indentured Servants- Adult white persons who were bound to labor for a period of 3-7 years in exchance for their indentures. Nathaniel Bacon- Best known for Bacon’s Rebellion, which was caused due to a Virginian hatred towards William Berkeley’s friendly relations with the Native Americans. Ringshout- A transcendent religious ritual, first practiced by African slaves in the West Indies and the United States. Meetinghouse- Building used for religious meetings, usually for non-conformist Christian denominations. Codfish- A popular food that was very important to the history and development of Massachusetts. Freedmen- A former slave who has been released from slavery, usually by legal means. Slave codes- Laws that defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters. First Families of Virginia (FFV)- Families in Colonial Virginia who were socially prominent and wealthy, but not necessarily the earliest settlers. Jeremiads- A long literary work in which the author bitterly laments the state of society and its morals in a serious tone. Leisler’s rebellion- A rebellion in which Jacob Leisler seized control over New York from 1689-1691.
1. The early life of the Chesapeake settlers was brutal due to malaria, dysentery, and typhoid, which led to half the people born in early Virginia and Maryland to not live until their 20th birthday. Tobacco planters lured indentured servants to harvest the fields by promising them eventual “freedom dues” at...
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