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OUTLINE CHAPTER 2
AMERICAN SOCIETY IN THE MAKING
I. Settlement of New France
1. France’s progress in North America was slow, mainly due to the difficulty of getting people to come to America.
2. French established military and fur trading outposts and Jesuit missions to “Christianize” the Native peoples.
3. French established the permanent settlement of New Orleans at the mouth of the Mississippi River, but the development was slow because the region was unsuited for farming.
4. French culture became intermixed with the Native People due to the scarcity of European women and the intermarriage of French men with Native women.
II. Society in New Mexico, Texas, and California
1．In New Mexico, Texas, and California, the Plains Indians were able to seriously threaten Spanish settlements after acquiring guns provided the French fur traders.
2. Plain Indians and French allies impeded further Spanish settlement.
3. Spanish continued to enslave Indians, mostly children and women, some of whom the Spanish captors married or had children with.
4. Despite the tense conditions created by warfare, Jesuit missionaries continued to “Christianize” and “civilize” the Indians.
III. The English Prevail on the Atlantic Seaboard
1. English were successful at establishing permanent settlements all along the Atlantic seaboard.
2. Different colonies emerged in the three various regions: the south, New England, and the Middle colonies.
IV. The Chesapeake colonies
1. The seventeenth- century colonial south included the tidewater around chasapeake bay, the low country of Carolinas, and the backcountry west of the fall line.
2. Common South emerged: characterized by cash-crop agriculture, black slavery, and a rural and small- town society.
3. Chesapeake colonies were disease-ridden.
* Life expectancy was short and women were scarce.
* Life: precarious,... [continues]
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