American Government Test: Study Guide

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KEY TERMS FOR TEST # 1

1.POLITICS, DAVID EASTON, HARROLD LASWELL, GOVERNMENT, PURPOSES OR FUNCTIONS OF GOVERNMENT, POWER, AUTHORITY, POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY, POLITICAL SYSTEM, INPUTS, OUTPUTS, FEEDBACK, MILITARYINDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

2.FORMS OF GOVERNMENTS; OLIGARCHY, AUTOCRACY, DEMOCRACY, ARISTOCRACY, DIRECT AND INDIRECT/REPRESENTATIVE DEMOCRACY, FORMS OF LIMITED DIRECT DEMOCRACY: INITIATIVE, REFERENDUM, RECALL,

3.PRINCIPLES OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY, REASONS WHY DEMOCRACY IS VIEWED AS SUPERIOR TO OTHER POLITICAL SYSTEMS.LIMITED GOVERNMENT, REPUBLICANISM. THREE TYPES OF COLONIES: ROYAL COLONIES: New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Massachusetts, PROPRIETARY COLONIES: Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, CHARTERED COLONIES: Rhode Island, Connecticut. FIRST AND SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESSES

4.THE CONSTITUTION, THE IMPORTANCE OF THE CONSTITUTION, SEPARATION OF POEWRS, CHECKS AND BALANCES, ELECTORAL COLLEGE, WINNER-TAKE-ALL, FEDERALISM, THE SHAY’S REBELLION AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE, THE BOSTON TEA PARTY, THE CIVIL WAR, THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, THE SUGAR ACT, THE STAMP ACT, THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

5. HOBBES, JOHN LOCKE, JEAN JACQUE ROUSSEAU, THOMAS PAINE, JAMES MADISON, ALEXANDER HAMILTON, (THOMAS JEFFERSON, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, JOHN ADAMS), THE FEDERALISTS, THE ANTI-FEDERALISTS, THE FEDRALIST PAPERS, THE BILL OF RIGHTS, ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION( accomplishments, & weaknesses) THE VIRGINIA PLAN, THE NEW JERSEY PLAN, THE GREAT COMPROMISE, THE THREE-FIFTH COMPROMISE, MISSING ELEMENTS IN THE DELCARATION OF INDEPENDENCE

6. JUDICIAL REVIEW, SUPREMACY CLAUSE, ELASTIC CLAUSE/THE NECEASSARY AND PROPER CLAUSE, COMMERCE CLAUSE, ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST FEDERALISM, (FEDERAL, UNITARY, CONFEDERAL SYSTEMS), ENUMERATED/EXPRESSED POWERS, IMPLIED POWERS, INHERENT POWERS, CONCURRENT POWERS, POWERS DENIED THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT, POWERS DENIED STATE GOVERNMENTS, POWERS DENIED BOTH FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENTS...
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