American government

Topics: Political philosophy, Public policy, Government Pages: 5 (1496 words) Published: February 16, 2014
1. Authority- The recognized right of officials to exercise power as a result of the positions they hold. 2. Constitutionalism- The idea that there are lawful limits on the power of government. 3. Corporate Power- The power that corporations exercise in their effort to influence government and maintain control of their workplace. 4. Democracy- A form of government in which the people govern either directly or through elected representatives 5. Elitism- The notion that wealthy and well-controlled individuals exercise power over certain areas of public policy. 6. Equality- The notion that individuals are equal in their moral worth and are thereby entitled to equal treatment under the law. 7. Free-Market System- An economic system based on the idea that government should interfere with economic transactions as little as possible. Free enterprise and self-reliance are the collective and individual principles that underpin free markets. 8. Individualism- the idea that the people should take the initiative, be self-sufficient, and accumulate the material advantages necessary for their well-being. 9. Legal action- the use of courts of law as a means by which individuals protect their rights and settle their conflicts. 10. Liberty- the principle that individuals should be free to act or think as they choose, provided they do not infringe unreasonably on the freedom and well-being of others. 11. Majoritarianism- the idea that the majority prevails not only in elections but also in policy determination 12. Party Polarization or (Partisan Polarization)- the condition in which opinions and actions in response to political issues and situations divides substantially along political party lines. 13. Pluralism- a theory of American politics that holds that society’s interests are substantially represented through power exercised by groups. 14. Political Culture- the widely shared and deep-seated political beliefs of a particular people. 15. Political Science- systematic study of government and politics. 16. Political Thinking-Reflective thinking focused on deciding what can reasonably be believed and then using this information to make political judgments. 17. Politics- the process through which a society settles its conflicts. 18. Power- the ability of persons, groups, or institutions to influence political developments. 19. Public Policies- Decisions by government to pursue particular courses of action. 20. Public Policy Process- The political interactions that lead to the recognition of a policy problem, the development of a response to it , and the implementation of the response. 21. Self-government- the principle that the people are the ultimate source and proper beneficiary of governing authority; in practice, a government based on majority rule. The worth of the state, in the long run, is worth of the individuals composing it. –John Stuart Mill While men are willing to admit that there are two sides to a question, they do not believe that there two sides to what they regard to as fact. –Walter Lippmann They live in the real world but think in a imagined one- Lippmann If six decades of modern public opinion research establish anything , it is that the general public’s political ignorance is appalling by any standard.-Bruce Ackerman and James Fishkin Ignorance of the facts, is a fair gauge of deeper deficiencies.- Mark Bauerlein Opinions not reached through education on the subject are likely to be incomplete at best, perhaps even wildly off base. –Bauerlein Democracy is the best form of government- John Stuart Mill

Any form of government should be judged on its ability to promote the individual as a progressive being. –John Stuart Mill. Rejected authoritarianism and embraced democracy Dangerously unready when the time comes to political thinking- James David Barber Talk show culture is a blur of rumor, fact, propaganda, and infotainment- Ellen Hume Style over substance- John Stewart

He who only knows his one side of the...
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