American Government

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Civil Rights Act of 1964
Ylanda Arora
GEN 162-45 American Government
Mrs. Cunteh
November 6, 2012

Introduction
1955 Rosa Parks (42 year old black women) sparked a new era for African American freedom and equality. Racism was practiced and evident everywhere in the southern states. Although segregation was very prominent at that time, transportation seemed to be the only thing that didn’t totally separate blacks and whites. Blacks were looked upon as dirty, in humane, and diseased. Therefore they didn’t want to share seats on the public bus. The first 10 rows of seats were reserved for whites only and if there were not any seats available in their section, tired hard working black men and women had to move out of their seats into seats at the back of the bus and if there were not any seats available they had to stand up for the rest of their bus ride. Tired from standing on her feet working all day Rosa Parks sigh with relief after getting on the bus to go home. But to her surprise the next stop or two will give her a lifetime opportunity to change the fate of African Americans equality and civil rights across the south. The Incident

December 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama Rosa Parks an African American seamstress boarded a bus to go home. She sat near the middle of the bus, just behind the ten seats that were reserved for whites. Soon all of the seats were filled. A white man entered the bus; the driver (following the standard practice of segregation) insisted that all four blacks sitting just behind the white section give up their seats so that the man could sit there. Rosa, who was an active member of the NAACP, quietly refused to give up her seat. “As I sat there, I tried not to think about what could happen. I knew that anything was possible.” (Parks R.,1955, & Colbert, D., 1997). She sat there as stubborn as a mule until the police arrived and escorted her out.

Her actions was spontaneous and not pre-planned, although her...
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