American Foreign Policy During the Interwar Period. in This Essay, One Should Address the Following:

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Analytical essay: Read A People and a Nation Ch. 26 and discuss American foreign policy during the Interwar Period. In this essay, one should address the following: 1. US relations with Europe and Latin American during the Interwar Period. 2. The causes of the Second World War and the American response to this war. 3. The reasons for US entry into the Second World War.

Early on American foreign policy was shaped by President Wilson’s rejection of

internationalism following WWI. Also the continuing quest for economic expansion by American

business. President Harding had dismissed America’s role in the League of Nations and refused the

Treaty of Versailles. Afterwards Presidents Harding and Coolidge who both didn’t have any

expertise or interest in foreign affairs, so they let their secretaries of state make and implement any

foreign policy decisions. They supported independent internationalism. They avoided political and

international responsibilities while expanding economic opportunities overseas.Secretary of

Commerce Herbert Hoover promoted American business abroad. This was successful in Latin

America and Europe, it wasn’t in Asia and Middle East. When we think or talk about American

foreign policy during the Interwar Period, independent internationalism comes to mind. Although

America kept its independence (unilateralism) it did become involved around the world through it’s

diplomacy. It started with President Hoover who stressed support of international actions rather than

unilateral actions. President Roosevelt built on and continued Hoovers work by improving relations.

Roosevelt promised the United States would be “a good neighbor” thru the Good Neighbor

Policy”.Basically the policy was one of non-intervention and for that would be rewarded with trade,

with Latin America. President Roosevelt promised that America would respect Latin Americas views

and interests and not interfere in their affairs. His promises were soon tested in Cuba when the nation

erupted in Civil War. Let’s not forget about the Monroe Doctrine which influenced the U.S’s role in

Latin America. The U.S. used troops to ensure continued U.S. influence and order in Panama, Haiti,

Nicaragua and Dominican Republic. We had control over the nation’s finances and had American

National Guards as police officers. When we left, there were better roads and a stable government.

Throughout the 1920s American economic expansion could help promote prosperity worldwide,

eliminating the need for war. So the American Relief Administration delivered food to Europe both to

stimulate growth and hopefully stop radicalism. In Latin America the U.S. had commercial

intervention too. Fruit Companies bout land in Central America and oil companies drilled for oil.

During WWI Europe’s economy was shattered. The U.S then became the world’s leading creditor. It

then had the advantage to expand it exports and reduce it imports. The Dawes Plan allowed Germany

to borrow 2.5 million dollars from the U.S. so it could repay others who in turn could repay the U.S.

The U.S. independent internationalism seemed to be a success. Business investments and loans were

fueling the world economy and American prosperity. The U.S. was avoiding entangling alliances and

protecting its presence in the Pacific .The U.S. was promoting the idealism of world disarmament and

peace, and in Latin America, it was moderating its interventionist image. Now even more so tensions

were increased in Europe and Asia. Hitler had declared a dictatorship and the U.S. and Soviet Union

did not trust each other. At this point isolationist renounced the U.S. entry into WWI because they

thought profits and British propaganda is what caused America to get into the war in the first place.

So they came up with neutrality laws that many hoped would prevent American involvement in...
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