Analytical essay: Read A People and a Nation Ch. 26 and discuss American foreign policy during the Interwar Period. In this essay, one should address the following: 1. US relations with Europe and Latin American during the Interwar Period. 2. The causes of the Second World War and the American response to this war. 3. The reasons for US entry into the Second World War.
Early on American foreign policy was shaped by President Wilson’s rejection of
internationalism following WWI. Also the continuing quest for economic expansion by American
business. President Harding had dismissed America’s role in the League of Nations and refused the
Treaty of Versailles. Afterwards Presidents Harding and Coolidge who both didn’t have any
expertise or interest in foreign affairs, so they let their secretaries of state make and implement any
foreign policy decisions. They supported independent internationalism. They avoided political and
international responsibilities while expanding economic opportunities overseas.Secretary of
Commerce Herbert Hoover promoted American business abroad. This was successful in Latin
America and Europe, it wasn’t in Asia and Middle East. When we think or talk about American
foreign policy during the Interwar Period, independent internationalism comes to mind. Although
America kept its independence (unilateralism) it did become involved around the world through it’s
diplomacy. It started with President Hoover who stressed support of international actions rather than
unilateral actions. President Roosevelt built on and continued Hoovers work by improving relations.
Roosevelt promised the United States would be “a good neighbor” thru the Good Neighbor
Policy”.Basically the policy was one of non-intervention and for that would be rewarded with trade,
with Latin America. President Roosevelt promised that America would respect Latin Americas views
and interests and not interfere in their affairs. His promises were soon tested in Cuba when the nation
erupted in Civil War. Let’s not forget about the Monroe Doctrine which influenced the U.S’s role in
Latin America. The U.S. used troops to ensure continued U.S. influence and order in Panama, Haiti,
Nicaragua and Dominican Republic. We had control over the nation’s finances and had American
National Guards as police officers. When we left, there were better roads and a stable government.
Throughout the 1920s American economic expansion could help promote prosperity worldwide,
eliminating the need for war. So the American Relief Administration delivered food to Europe both to
stimulate growth and hopefully stop radicalism. In Latin America the U.S. had commercial
intervention too. Fruit Companies bout land in Central America and oil companies drilled for oil.
During WWI Europe’s economy was shattered. The U.S then became the world’s leading creditor. It
then had the advantage to expand it exports and reduce it imports. The Dawes Plan allowed Germany
to borrow 2.5 million dollars from the U.S. so it could repay others who in turn could repay the U.S.
The U.S. independent internationalism seemed to be a success. Business investments and loans were
fueling the world economy and American prosperity. The U.S. was avoiding entangling alliances and
protecting its presence in the Pacific .The U.S. was promoting the idealism of world disarmament and
peace, and in Latin America, it was moderating its interventionist image. Now even more so tensions
were increased in Europe and Asia. Hitler had declared a dictatorship and the U.S. and Soviet Union
did not trust each other. At this point isolationist renounced the U.S. entry into WWI because they
thought profits and British propaganda is what caused America to get into the war in the first place.
So they came up with neutrality laws that many hoped would prevent American involvement in...
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