The American Civil War
The American Civil War was one of the most significant and controversial periods in American history, in where Americans killed each other (about 600,000 men died) and still, some of the past arguments on state’s rights are still argued today. The Civil War was a matter of south versus north, confederacy (Southern States) versus The Union (Northern States). Northern states claimed that if the Southern slaves were property, then they should not be counted toward voting representation in Congress. Southerners argued that the slaves were human beings, and eventually came to accept the three-fifths compromise, by which five slaves counted as three free men toward that representation. But who was right? Although the Confederates said that the slaves counted the slaves did not have any rights, the Confederates only wanted more power in Congress, and of course the Union will not yield any power and that created a conflict, therefore in my opinion the Union was right.
What are really state rights? This is where the whole conflict started; the Missouri Compromise and “Balance of Power” began to be questioned. The Missouri Compromise was by proposed by New York Representative, James Tallmadge, the amendment was to ban slavery in Missouri even though there were more than 2,000 slaves living there and to every ‘free state’, there also had to be a ‘slave state’ to be ‘equal’. The confederates of course did not like this idea of ‘losing’ a state that had slaves; so the South demanded that the North recognize its right to have slaves as protected in the Constitution. Of course the Confederates wanted the power in the House of Representatives, and if they lost the freedom of having slaves they would lose many of their not-many businesses’ because they south didn’t have a strong economy, and most of the workers were mostly slaves that were paid a really cheap wage working on cotton plantations. Therefore in 1860, 11 Southern states withdrew from the...
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