America and Oceania

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Encounters in Early Societies in the Americas and Oceania

The Encounters in Early Societies in the Americas and Oceania were very fascinating encounters. These encounters of early societies in the Americas and Oceania were quite similar to the ones in Africa and Eurasia. Geography also played an important role in these early societies. A few topics I will address are: in what ways were the societies of the Americas and Oceania similar to those in Africa and Eurasia in spite of such isolation. The factors in which contributed to the difficulties in sustaining log distant trade of the societies in America and Oceania with neighboring societies. The last topic I will address is what the existence of such interactions despite such difficulties- might tell us about early complex societies more generally. The early societies in Africa and Eurasia were all geographically distant societies. Was this good or bad? In a way this was extremely well because with such distance everyone settled in a geographically good spot where they developed an economy. The people of Mesopotamia settled between Euphrates and Tigris and its rivers, roughly including modern Iraq and part of Syria.  Early settlers of fertile land in Mesopotamia used wooden plows to moderate the soil before planting crops such as barley, onions, grapes, turnips, and apples.  The Egyptians settled along the Nile River. With the Egyptians settling in the Sahara desert they grew barley, sold gold, ivory and ebony. With these early civilizations settling so far apart this developed well economic situations for them. With these this means that merchants would travel by boat or by land to sell goods which speeded cultural, political class increased as well as social classes. The American and Oceania did a similar settlement to what Africa and Eurasia did. For example the Olmec settled near the Golf of México from 1200 BCE-400 BCE. They built elaborate complexes, pyramids, and colossal human heads. They traded...
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