Ame. Romanticism Study Guide

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American Romanticism (Use your Section Notes)
1.What did American Romantics celebrate?
a.Feeling over reason, imagination over science, and nature over civilization 2.What did the Transcendentalists believe?
a.Everything in the physical world is a reflection of the Divine Soul 3.What was the name of the movement that furthered American education, self-improvement, and cultural development? a.The lyceum movement

4.Describe American Romantic writers.
a.They believed that cities are centers of corruption and ugliness 5.Why did American Romantic writers reject rationalism?
a.They believed that intuition and imagination yield greater truths. 6.What did American Romantic poets use as a literary model? a.Poetic traditions established by European Romantics
7.What did Dark Romantics explore?
a.The psychological effects of sin and guilt as well as the conflict between good and evil

“Thanatopsis” by William Cullen Bryant
1.In the beginning of the poem, who/what does Nature speak to? a.The person who thinks about Nature
2.According to the poem, what should people do when they feel afraid? a.Go into Nature and listen to what Nature teaches
3.What does Nature urge the poet to find comfort in?
a.Knowledge that death joins us with all other people
4.Explain the following quote: “The oak/ Shall send his roots abroad, and pierce thy mold.” a.Oak trees will send roots through your corpse
5.According to the last stanza, how should people regard death? a.Calmly, with trust
6.Define imagery.
a.Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. 7.How is “Thanatopsis” a good example of Romantic poetry? a.Nature arouses emotions and insights in the speaker

8.Define theme.
a.The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work
9.What is the theme of “Thanatopsis”?
a.Human beings are an ongoing part of the earth itself
10.Define inversion.
a.The syntactic reversal of the normal order of the words and phrases in a sentence

“The Devil and Tom Walker” by Washington Irving
1.What is the story’s setting?
a.A forest near Boston, Massachusetts, circa 1727
2.Describe Tom Walker.
a.Stingy and cruel but courageous
3.Describe Tom Walker’s wife.
a.Fierce shrew, always nagging and yelling
4.Define symbol.
a.something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible; "the eagle is a symbol of the United States" 5.In this story, what do the woods symbolize?
6.What does Irving use to symbolize hypocrisy and hidden evil? a.The flourishing trees that are rotten to the core
7.Why does Tom’s wife decide to go into the forest?
a.She decides to go into the forest to make her own deal with the devil 8.How does Tom die?
a.The devil tricked him by using his own words
9.What happens to Tom Walker’s money at the end of the story? a.It turns into cinders and ashes
10.Define mood.
a.The climate of feeling in a literary work. The choice of setting, objects, details, images, and words all contribute towards creating a specific mood. 11.“The Devil and Tom Walker” is based on the archetype of a person who does what? a.Sells his soul to the devil

12.Why are readers prepared to see the appearance of the devil in this story? (No, not because of the story’s title!) a.Most have read or heard about other people meeting with the devil (movies, books, etc.)

“Rip Van Winkle” by Washington Irving (Refer to you discussion questions and annotations) 1.Define allegory.
• able: a short moral story (often with animal characters) • emblem: a visible symbol representing an abstract idea • an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances; an extended metaphor 2.“Every change of season, every change of weather, indeed every hour of the day, produces some change in the magical hues and shapes of these mountains, and they are...
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