With a population of approximately 192 million in 2011 is Brazil the largest country in Latin America and ranked fifth in the world when you look at the population. In Brazil live 22.59 citizens per square kilometer, were 84,20 percent of the population are living in the city.
The official language in Brazil is Portuguese. Brazil is the only country in South America where Portuguese is spoken. In the rest of South and Central America they speak Spanish.
Brazil is with a surface of over 8.5 million square kilometer the largest country of Latin America and is after Russia, Canada, China and United States, the fifth largest country in the world. Brazil has a 15.735 kilometer long border and borders with 10 of the 12 countries of the continent. Two countries are excluded, namely Chile and Equador. The landscape of Brazil is very varied but can be divided into five geographical areas: the Guyana plateaus, the tropical coasts, the Sertão, the Brazilian plateau and the Amazon area.
The infrastructure of Brazil consist mainly a road network, with a limited system of transport by river, airports and railways. But the Brazilian infrastructure is very poor. Many roads are old, not paved and are not maintained properly. Only six percent of the roads are paved, in comparison with the other BRIC countries is a very low amount (Russia 67%, India 63%, and China 80%). Figure 1 shows the total investment in the infrastructure of it GDP. As you can see is the infrastructure of Brazil lagged of merging market leader China and China, but also lagged with other Latin American countries like Peru and Mexico.
Figure 1: Investments in infrastructure
The economy of Brazil is the largest in Latin America and the 8th largest economy in the world when you look at GDP. The total GDP is US$ 2,284 trillion and per capita is that US$ 10.600 ranked on the 100th place in the world. When you divide the GDP in sectors is services responsible for 67,3%, industry for 26,9% and agriculture for 5,8%.
Brazil has an average inflation in 2011 of 6,63% and in January 2012 an inflation of 6,2%. In 2009 had Brazil an economical fallback because of the financial crisis. In the figure below you see the development of the last ten years.
Figure 2: Inflation rate
Brazil has an average unemployment rate of 6,28% and in January 2012 a rate of 5,5%. Figure 3 shows the development of the last ten years.
Figure 3: Unemployment rate
Import & export
Brazil exports were worth 16.1 Billion USD in January of 2012. Brazil has an export-oriented economy, exports amount to 14% of its GDP. The main exports are transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos, automotive parts, machinery. Brazil accounts for 25% of global exports of raw cane and refined sugar; it is the world leader in soybean exports and is responsible for 80% of the planet’s orange juice. Large iron and manganese reserves are important sources of industrial raw materials and export earnings. Brazil’s largest exports markets are European Union, United Sates, Argentina, China and Venezuela.
Figure 4: Overview of the Brazilian exports
[pic]Figure 5: Overview of the Brazilian imports
As you can see in figure 4 and 5 there is a steadily growth for the import and export. Only during the economic crisis in 2008 there was a drop, but begin 2009 the trade recovered.
Some facts of the Brazilian trade (2010)
|Total value of exports: |US$199.7 billion | |Primary exports - commodities: |Transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, automotive | |Primary exports partners:...