Psychology is an applied as well as an academic field that studies both the human mind and behavior. The research in psychology attempts to explain and understand behavior, emotion and thought. The subject of psychology was created when Wilhelm Wundt opened up the very first psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany. Wilhelm Wundt believed that individuals who are appropriately trained would most likely be able to recognize the mental processes that are accompanied with feelings, thoughts and sensations (Wagner , 2009).
Although psychology is a very broad topic, there are many sub-topics that make up what psychology is and it’s contents. Some of those sub-topics include abnormal psychology, biological psychology, cognitive psychology and many more. The type of psychology that deals with how people store information, acquire and process is cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is a sub-topic within psychology that analyzes people’s internal mental process of thought that includes visual processing, memory, problem solving, and language (Wagner, 2009).
The most common research that deals with cognitive psychology is researching a person’s memory and the ability to store it. The brain stores a number of different types of information in many different places. There are two different types of memory in which the brain can store information. Those types include short-term and long-term memory.
Short-term memory involves recalling many details that have been stored minutes or even seconds before. Some examples include reading out loud a phone number, recognizing a person’s face, and no many others.
On the other hand, long- term memory is a little different than short-term memory. Long- term memory is a type of memory that can as much as a few days or as long as decades after. Short- term memory is a temporary powerful neural connections that can be converted in to long- term memory through the... [continues]
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