Although New England and the Chesapeake Region Were Both Settled Largely by People of English Origin, by 1700 the Regions Had Evolved Into Two Distinct Societies. Why Did This Difference in Development Occur?

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Around the 1600’s, New England started to develop a drastic population growth. This growth caused several problems for the occupants including, high prices on food, land, and a shortage of work for many because of the aggressive competition. Immigrants from New England began to prepare for a voyage that would be beneficial for some travelling to Massachusetts and not so much those who were travelling to Virginia. Although the settlers from the Chesapeake Bay and New England came from the same country, these colonies established different societies because of varying elements such as religious freedoms, economy, government’s role in society and unity. The immigrants from New England were mostly Puritans who believed in a society where there should be no separation between church and state. Their purpose for coming to the “New World” was because they wanted the freedom to practice their religion without religious persecution. In John Winthrop’s sermon,” A city upon the hill,” suggested in Document A, he states, “God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind… we must be knot together in this work as one.” He advises that God knows all that is best and in their community that they intend to build, they all must stay united and support each other through good and bad. The migrants that originated from the Chesapeake Bay however intended to migrate solely for the purpose of wealth and gold. Many of the immigrants had died because of the “bitter cold frost” and the lack of food provided, as stated in Document F. Captain John Smith also reports that, “There was no talk… but dig, wash gold, refine gold, load gold….” These people were unlike the puritans, who intended to work for a better future and attempted to create an environment that would benefit all; the people of Virginia were blinded by their own greed and unprepared.

In Virginia, the land was swampy and contained airborne diseases that would later be the cause...
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