This research paper is part of my course requirement Eng105 that was assigned to me for this fall semester 2007.The research paper is based on the most happening concern of Dhaka city- Traffic congestion. The research paper titled “Alternatives to control traffic jams in Dhaka city” is done with the constant help and sincere contribution of many people. First of all I would take this platform to thank my Course instructor Ms. Melissa Hussain; she had been a constant support and directed us the various steps that are required in completion of this project. Next the people who patiently corresponded to my questionnaire and also showed a great interest to my research work. The North South University librarian, who tried to provide me with all the possible articles available to them regarding my topic. My fellow class members who read my initial drafts and gave comments on them so, I could make the necessary corrections before I submit the fair research work.
Traffic control is the utmost necessity that the government of Bangladesh has to undertake. The residents or visitors in the city face a greater time lose since they get stucked up in the jams and almost the whole scene looks to be in a still or freezed mode. As mentioned earlier, every country has to have an efficient, reliable, secure and comfortable transport system, if it is to compete with the other world countries. After the survey on “Alternatives to reduce traffic jams in Dhaka” ,that was conducted on the basis of quota sampling. The respondents believe that the presence of slow moving vehicles like rickshaw stands to be a major cause for jam and also that Bangladesh should introduce subway train system like the METRO of Kolkata city of India. Different scholarly articles and research paper by “The Dhaka Urban Transport Project (DUTP)” has been formulated based upon the recommendations of the Dhaka integrated Transport Study (DITS) and reflects most of the issues laid down in the Immediate Action Plan (IAP) of DITS. They strongly feel; that it isn’t too late for Dhaka city and that if the government sets up a different sector for the traffic management. Than this would help in a better regulation in the traffic flow as well as maintaining rules and regulations of the traffic system. My hypothesis that was laid for this was that mismanagement is to blamed for this traffic congestion problem and that Dhaka should have an underground subway tramp system. This would help ease the traffic concentrated on the roads.
Increasing traffic demands and limited road space has made traffic jams a common scenario of Dhaka city. Dhaka being the capital of Bangladesh tends to be over populated with people, vehicles and infrastructures. The true development of a nation depends on its extent of global participation. From the economic point of view, Dhaka is the nation’s gateway and hence it is extremely important to attract global investment. This step towards globalization can be achieved if the capital city is provided with a reliable, secure and comfortable transport system, if it is to compete with the other world’s countries. Bangladesh can take into consideration of her neighboring country, India. The Kolkata city, it introduced underground tramp ways called METRO. This eased the traffic of the kolkata city. This same concept can be perceived by our country. Even tough this requires a huge investment and planning. But this seems to be a better lasting option for Dhaka city’s traffic. Thus Government must play a vital role in deciding the country’s future. Because well designed roads or transportation system can take Bangladesh to higher level of achievement.
Dhaka represents to be a densely populated city with more than 13 million people compared to 3.5 million people in 1951, this city...