Alternative Energy

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Alternative Energy Sources

Date: July 30, 2012

Table of Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS4

ABSTRACT4

INTRODUCTION5

Background5

Problem5

Purpose5

Scope5

DISCUSSION6

Alternative Energy versus Fossil Fuels Energy6

Problems with Fossil Fuels6

Main Forms of Alternative Energy8

Wind Energy8

Solar Energy9

Biomass Energy9

Biogas Energy10

Geothermal Energy10

Alternative Energy Benefits11

Economic Benefits11

Environmental Benefits12

Reliability13

CONCLUSION13

RECOMMENDATION14

REFERENCES15

List of Illustrations

Figure 1: Alternative Energy Use 2010 ………………………………………………………...

Figure 2: Wind Energy …………………………………………………………………………

Abstract

Energy systems must be harmonized with environment, economy, and society to ensure development which meets the human needs and aspirations. Energy programs should assure the development of alternative sources which offer huge sources of primary energy. This report provides definition about fossil fuel energy and its disadvantages and a comprehensive review of alternative energy sources and its importance on economic, environment and society.

Introduction

Background

According to Encarta Dictionary alternative energy is “any form of energy obtained from the Sun, wind, waves, or another natural renewable source, in contrast to energy generated from fossil fuels”. While fossil fuels energy is energy obtained from any carbon-containing fuel derived from the decomposed remains of prehistoric plants and animals, e.g. coal, peat, petroleum, and natural gas.

Problem

Humanity in the coming years will face a problem with the energy; the problem will not be the wise use of the energy but the energy sources. Energy conservation and efficiency are the result of the balancing between production and demands. This problem requires creating changes in socio-economic and institutional systems. Environmental, technical, and economical energy is the pathway to sustain the human progress in long term future.

Purpose

The purpose of this report is to explain the alternative energy sources and its benefits, and discuss the fossil fuels energy problems.

Scope

This report explains the alternative energy sources and its effects, and the necessity of it taking examples from the world.

Discussion

Alternative Energy versus Fossil Fuels Energy

The term "alternative energy" also known as renewable energy includes a variety of power generation sources. Generally, it refers to electrical power derived from "renewable" resources such as solar or wind energy. The most common forms of alternative energy available for use today are solar power, wind power and hydropower.

The opposite of it is “fossil fuels energy” also known as non-renewable energy includes a variety of sources. Generally, it refers to power produces from “single-use” resources such as coal or uranium. The most common forms of fossil fuels energy are coal, oil and natural gas. We have mostly depended on this to satisfy our energy needs, from home heating and electricity to fuel for our automobiles and mass transportation.

Problems with Fossil Fuels

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Source Energy Information Agency 1

Today, we depend totally on fossil fuels, but there are many problems with it. The main problem is that fossil fuels are non-renewable. They are limited in supply and will one day be exhausted. There is no escaping this conclusion. Fossil fuels formed from plants and animals that lived hundreds of millions of years ago and became buried way underneath the Earth’s surface where their remains collectively transformed into the combustible materials we use for fuel. Despite the promise of alternative energy sources collectively they provide only about 7 percent of the world’s...
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