Describe how altered states of consciousness related to sleep, psychoactive drugs, or meditation and hypnosis affect individuals with the disorder
Individuals that suffer from bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive disorder, display periods of positive high activity then drop to periods of emotional depression as well as lack of interest no matter what kind of task they are trying to accomplish or activity they are participating in. These episodes expand for a period of weeks, however there is evidence that these episodes have lasted for months. Consequently, mood swings that are short-term are not considered a symptom of bipolar disorder. In essence, these short-term symptoms are viewed as a reflection of the abuse of legal/illegal drugs and alcohol. While manic episodes start suddenly lastly a minimum of two weeks but no longer than five months, depressive episodes have a tendency to last for a minimum of six months but no more than a year. The exception to this rule is in elderly people. Some of the behaviors associated with this disorder are mood instability, anxiety, drug abuse, depression, and chronic social and occupational difficulties. In extreme cases, where the disorder is not being properly treated, psychotic tendencies, such as schizophrenia, are present. In addition, there are disorders that co-exist with bipolar disorder such as anorexia, bulimia, impulse control and Tourette’s syndrome. However, more common than not migraines, thyroid problems, obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease are present in people suffering from bipolar disorder. These behaviors are very contrasting compared to that of an average person. The behaviors become very agonizing as well as intercede with their ability to function in society on a daily basis.
Conscious levels of awareness which includes but is not limited to where the mental process becomes shallow and uncritical, self-perception, perceptions of the environment, self-control and...
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