September 18, 2011
Title:Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Topic:The unknowns of ALS
Specific Purpose:To inform my audience on being aware of ALS. Thesis Statement:
Attention Material:Have you ever heard of ALS, better known as Lou Gehrig’s disease? For many people, ALS is a disorder that they may not know much about. I never heard of it either until my father was diagnosed with this disease in 2006. Because there is no known cure, it is important to detect this disease early, so that proper treatments and preparation can be done before it’s too late.
Thesis Statement:ALS is a disease that is terminal, non-curable and can be hereditary or not.
Preview:Today I will first talk about what ALS is. Then, I’ll discuss who can get ALS. Finally, I will also discuss how ALS has affected my family.
(Transition: “Let’s talk about ALS.”)
I.The disease called ALS.
ALS is also called “Lou Gehrig’s disease” in the United States, after the famous New York Yankee’s baseball player who had ALS. However, Mr. Gehrig represents only one individual with ALS, and the course of the disease varies with each person.
A. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease according to the ALS Association that affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Motor neurons reach from the brain to the spinal cord and from the spinal cord to the muscles throughout the body. The progressive degeneration of the motor neurons in ALS eventually leads to their death. When the motor neurons die, the ability of the brain to initiate and control muscle movement is lost. With voluntary muscle action progressively affected, patients in the later stages of the disease may become totally paralyzed (Mayo).
B. However, someone with ALS, even at an advanced stage, can still see, hear, smell, and feel touch....