Assess the importance of Alliance System relative to other factors which brought about the outbreak of WW1. The relative importance of alliance system is smaller than other factors .Other factors that lead to the outbreak of WW1 such as extreme nationalism, new imperialism, militarism and pre-war crisis are relatively more important than it.
To compare with extreme nationalism, alliance systems got less influential than it regard its definition in meaning. Alliance system is a system that empowering the European power to prevent war caused by increasing political, economic, and military rivalries. By this mean, it is defensive rather than aggressive. From the history of 20th century, Triple Entente sighed in 1907 by three European great powers, Britain, France was a example of defensive. It one side settled the Anglo- French and Anglo-Russian conflicts and the other side counter balanced the threat of Germany. It was only divided into two opposing camps (Triple Alliance, signed in 1882 vs. Triple Entente) and more importantly, the Triple Entente did not form a military alliance until after the outbreak of WW1.However, extreme nationalism means believing in racial superiority and national glory, to struggle among the powers for hegemony by foreign expansion. It is more aggressive than the alliance system. Under the influence of extreme nationalism, four ideological movement were emerged from the Europe power which were the Long term cause of WWI The Pan-Germanism, it advocated the expansion of Germany to the east, west south and to establish a large colonial empire in the Balkans and Western Asia. It raised the ambition of German people and stir up trouble of the other powers. The Pan-Slavism, it was aimed at Russia control over Constantinople and the Straits. It contradicted with Pan-Germanism and provoked the wars in Balkan. The Greater-Serbian Movement, it aimed to liberate the Serb peoples still within Austria-Hungary and Turkey. It increased the...
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