Both "The Allegory of the Cave" and "The Matrix" are stories in which there are two realities, one perceived and one real. Although "The Matrix" is not based exactly on Plato's "The Allegory of the Cave," there are several parallels between the two works. The similarities in "The Matrix," relate to Plato's concept. They project his thoughts of natural logic from "The Allegory of the Cave" into a perspective that makes it easier for people to understand when it is put into a science-fiction movie.
In "The Allegory of the Cave," the people creating the shadows represent the powerful people in society. In "The Matrix," the puppet-handlers are the machines controlled by Artificial Intelligence. The puppet-handlers use fake surroundings as a way to manipulate the information that the prisoners receive. While the prisoners are being fooled and influenced by the fake reality, the puppet-handlers are too because they are also living inside the artificial world they have created as well.
In "The Allegory of The Cave," Plato thinks that one of the prisoners would eventually be released or escaped from his chains and flee the cave. After turning around in his chair, this person would then be able to see the real objects that are only shadows on the cave wall, as well as the puppet-handlers who are holding these objects. In the movie, "The Matrix," this scene directly parallels with Neo's scene in the matrix pod. Looking around in shock, Neo sees, for the first time, his true surroundings. He is actually living in a human factory.
At first, Plato says that the freed prisoner would be confused at what he saw. When Neo is finally confronted with the surrounding, the real world, he is in a state of uncertainty. The realization of the truth is so overwhelming that he throws up and passes out. In "The Allegory of the Cave," the Freed Man might even feel that what he was seeing now was the illusion and the shadows on the wall...