All Rights Reserved and United States History

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2007 AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
UNITED STATES HISTORY SECTION II Part A (Suggested writing time—45 minutes) Percent of Section II score—45 Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-J and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period. 1. Analyze the ways in which technology, government policy, and economic conditions changed American agriculture in the period 1865–1900. In your answer be sure to evaluate farmers’ responses to these changes.

Document A Agricultural Prices in Dollars per Unit, 1865–1900 Source: Historical Statistics of the United States Wheat Price per Bushel 2.16 1.04 1.01 .95 .77 .84 .51 .62 Millions of Bushels Produced NA 254 314 502 400 449 542 599 Cotton Price per Pound .83 .24 .15 .12 .11 .11 .07 .10 1,000 Bales Produced 2,094 4,352 4,631 6,606 6,576 8,653 7,162 10,124 Corn Price per Bushel NA .52 .42 .39 .32 .50 .25 .35 Millions of Bushels Produced NA 1,125 1,450 1,707 2,058 1,650 2,535 2,662

Year 1865 1870 1875 1880 1885 1890 1895 1900

© 2007 The College Board. All rights reserved. Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for students and parents).

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2007 AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
Document B Railroads in 1870 and 1890

© 2007 The College Board. All rights reserved. Visit apcentral.collegeboard.com (for AP professionals) and www.collegeboard.com/apstudents (for students and parents).

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2007 AP® UNITED STATES HISTORY FREE-RESPONSE QUESTIONS
Document C Source: Prairie Farmer, July 14, 1877. Our western brothers have accomplished one great good by their war upon the railroads. Some time ago they carried a law through the...
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