POEM. N. AN ARRANGEMENT OF WORDS WRITTEN OR SPOKEN, TRADITIONALLY A RHYTHMICAL COMPOSITION, SOMETIMES RHYMED, EXPRESSING EXPERIENCES, IDEAS, OR EMOTIONS IN A STYLE MORE CONCENTRATED, IMAGINATIVE, AND POWERFUL THAN THAT OF ORDINARY SPEECH OR PROSE: SOME POEMS ARE IN METER, SOME IN FREE VERSE. A poem begins in delight and ends in wisdom. – ROBERT FROST PROSE…words in their best order. POETRY…the best words in the best order. – SAMUEL TAYLOR COLERIDGE Poetry is the art of uniting pleasure with truth. – SAMUEL JOHNSON
Poetry is the synthesis of hyacinths and biscuits. – CARL SANDBURG Poetry is at bottom a criticism of life. – MATTHEW ARNOLD
Poetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash. -- LEONARD COHEN Poetry is boned with ideas, nerved and blooded with emotions, all held together by the delicate, tough skin of words. -- PAUL ENGLE
Poetry involves the mysteries of the irrational perceived through rational words.
– VLADIMIR NABOKOV
All poetry is putting the infinite within the finite. – ROBERT BROWNING Always be a poet, even in prose. -- CHARLES BAUDELAIRE Poetry is what gets lost in translation. – ROBERT FROST If…it makes my whole body so cold no fire can ever warm me, I know that it is poetry. – EMILY DICKINSON
The poet is liar who always speaks the truth. – JEAN COCTEAU A poem should not mean, but be. – ARCHIBALD MACLEISH
Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the best and happiest minds. -- PERCY BYSSHE SHELLEY POETRY IS A MARRIAGE OF CRAFT AND IMAGINATION. -- CHRISTINE E. HEMP Out of the quarrel with others we make rhetoric; out of the quarrel with ourselves we make poetry. --W.B. YEATS Imaginary gardens with real toads in them. --MARIANNE MOORE Poetry is to philosophy what the Sabbath is to the rest of the week. --AUGUSTUS AND JULIUS HARE It is the job of poetry to clean up our word-clogged reality by creating silences around things. --STÉPHEN MALLARMÉ
You will not find poetry anywhere unless you bring some of it with you. – JOSEPH JOUBERT
WHAT IS POETRY?
It is words arranged in a rhythmic pattern with regular accents (like beats in music), words which are caref ully selected for sound, accent and meaning to express imaginatively ideas and emotions. Each poem has rhythm, melody, imagery, and form.
SOME ELEMENTS OF POETRY WHAT IS RHYTHM?
Rhythm is produced by a recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables and pauses. Each poem has a metric pattern (except in “free verse” which has no metrical pattern since it is based on the natural cadences of speech). That is, the accents of the syllables in the words fall at regular intervals, like the beat of music. This pattern is described by indicating the kind and number of feet in a regular verse line. THE FOUR M05T-USED KIND OF FEET No. of Syllables 2 2 3 3 Technical Name of Kind of Foot iamb, iambic trochee, trochaic anapest, anapestic dactyl, dactylic Accented = ( / ) “DUMM” Unaccented = (~ ) “de” ~ / de DUMM / ~ DUMM de ~ ~ / de de DUMM / ~ ~ DUMM de de Such as ~ / ~ / a WAY, i WILL / ~ / ~ COM ing, DO it ~ ~ / can non ADE, ~ ~ / let us IN
/ ~ ~ / ~ ~ VIC to ries, TWO of them
Less Often Used: spondee, spondaic (DUMM DUMM) pyrrhus, pyrraic (de de)
The beat of poetry feet in called meter. Marking lines as the following are marked to show feet or meter is called scansion: ~ / ~ / ~ / ~ / The stag l at eve | had drunk | his fill This line is iambic tetrameter. If meter should vary within a line, it is called inversion. The number of feet in a line is expressed as follows: 1 foot 2 feet 3 feet 4 feet 5 feet monometer dimeter trimeter tetrameter pentameter 6 feet 7 feet 8 feet 9 feet hexameter heptameter octameter nonameter
Pauses do not usually figure significantly in scansion, but they do affect the rhythm of a line, just as they affect the rhythm of music. There are three types of pauses: End-stopped which is a pause at the end of a line. Caesura which is a...
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