The Bobo doll experiment was conducted by Alfred Bandura during 1961 and 1963 studying patterns of behavior associated with depression.
24 children, 12 girls and 12 boys, between the ages of 3 and 6 were chosen from the Stanford University Nursery School. The first part of the experiment involved bringing a child and an adult model into a playroom. In the playroom, the child was seated in one corner filled with highly appealing activities such as stickers and stamps. The adult model was seated in another corner containing a toy set, a mallet, and an inflatable Bobo doll. Before leaving the room, the experimenter explained to the child that the toys in the adult corner were only for the adult to play with. During the aggressive model scenario, the adult would begin by playing with the toys for approximately one minute. After this time the adult began to show aggression towards the Bobo doll. Some examples of this include hitting the Bobo doll and using the toy mallet to hit the Bobo doll in the face. After about 10 minutes, the experimenter came back into the room, released the adult model, and took the child into another playroom. The non-aggressive adult model simply played with the small toys for the entire 10 minute period. In this situation, the Bobo doll was completely ignored by the model then the child was taken out of the room. The next stage placed the child and experimenter into another room filled with interesting toys, such as trucks, dolls, and other intriguing children’s play toys. Here, the child was invited to play with the toys. After about 2 minutes the experimenter informed the child he/she is no longer allowed to play with the toys. This was done to build up frustration. Then, the experimenter says that the child may play with the toys in the experimental room including both aggressive and non-aggressive toys. In the experimental room the child was allowed to play for 20 minutes while the experimenter evaluated the child’s play. The first...
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