Marcus W Stewart
PSY 330: Theories of Personality
Instructor: Brandy Golston
Alfred Adler’s theory of personality aimed to answer questions concerning individual meanings of life and how their views affect future endeavors. Adler believed that people seek companionship and harmony and that there are many factors that are involved in the development of individual personality. By choosing the term individual psychology Adler meant that although individuals are unique, they are characterized by inner harmony and strive to cooperate with fellow humans (Hergenhahn & Olson, 2007 pg 96). In Adler’s works he explained terms such as organ inferiority, subjective inferiority, masculine protest, inferiority complex, social interest, creative self, safeguarding strategies, birth order, memories, dream analysis, and behavioral mannerisms all of which played important roles in defining his theory of individual psychology. Adler studied the mind extensively in an attempt to determine the reasons that certain behaviors occur throughout the duration of life. Alfred Adler was born on February 7th 1870 in a Vienna Austria Suburb to a Jewish Hungarian grain merchant and his wife. Alfred was the third of seven children born into the Adler family. At a very young age Alfred developed rickets which caused difficulty in his physical development. He did not learn to walk until the age of four and lost a younger brother who died in the bed next to him when he was three. When he was five Alfred came down with pneumonia and almost died and remembered hearing the doctor tell his father that the chances of survival were all but lost. It was at this time Alfred decided that he wanted to pursue a career in the medical field as way to escape death. Alfred had a difficult time in his early life due to his medical issues and also the difference between him and his older brother. His brother was the model child who excelled in sports and was the favorite of his...