HIST 50: World Civilizations, Begginnings-1600
Alexander the Great
Countless Homo sapiens have roamed the globe since about 250,000 years ago. Many wars have been fought, empires rising and falling as leaves on a tree grow in the spring and fall in the winter. (The first two sentences are fluff, which add nothing to your essay. Get rid of them.) Very few ancient leaders leave left behind a legacy that is still remains present resonates in today’s world. Alexander the Great is one of those exceptional leaders. Alexander led an imperialistic Greek military campaign from 336-323 BC, bringing most of the known world at the time under his rule. An outstanding military leader, Alexander the Great was highly revered for his achievements during his short life. Not only did he win fame for his numerous victories on the battlefield, but he also enhanced that fame through the shrewd use of propaganda. However, his most enduring legacy came through actively promoting the spread Hellenistic culture in the regions he conquered.
Alexander was born in on 20, July, 356 BC to Phillip the II, the king of Macedonia. Macedonia is a mountainous land rich in silver and gold. It is located north of the Peloponnesian islands, which were ruled by more democratic city-states. These democratic cities, such as Sparta and Athens, denounced Macedonians by labeling the area as barbaric due to because of its monarchy. However, these democratic city-states were weakened due to by the Peloponnesian War in which the democratic lands fought one another. In the Peloponnesian’s moment of fragile existence the monarch Phillip conquered and assumed power and King of Greece. (These two sentences are awkward and unclear. I assume that you’re trying to say that Athens and Sparta were been weakend by fighting the Peloponnesian war against each other, and that their relative weakness allowed Phillip to conquer both of them and declare himself King of Greece. However, you might want to check your dates as Phillip didn’t conquer these areas until decades after the war was over. Moreover, he also subdued the city-states of mainland Greece. Phillip had a dream to dreamed of wage waging a war of revenge against the Persian Empire, which had initiated a losing campaign against Greece 100 years prior. Persia had attacked Greece in hopes of expanding its borders into Europe. Unfortunately, Phillip was murdered assassinated, propelling Alexander to power at the young age of 20.
Alexander the Great surpassed acquired even more fame through Greece’s revenge conquest against the Persian Empire eventually realized his father’s dream of conquering Persia, leading a successful military campaign against its considerable empire. Greece fought off the attack through superior troops and military commandment. Alexander the Great led the war against the significant Persian Empire, “In just twelve years, Alexander the Great conquered vast territories, dominating lands from west of the Nile to the east of the Indus.” (The Essential World History, p90-map 4.2) The reign of the Persian king, Darius III, ended as when he was killed by his brother as all of the just as Alexander captured the Persian empire was being captured by Alexander the Great; Finally, Greece had its vengeance. Wealth from the conquered lands flooded into Greece, like the Tigris and Euphrates enabling Alexander the Great to make it Greece the strongest, wealthiest country in the world. Alexander’s popularity (with whom??) seemed to be infinite. Egyptians hailed Alexander the Great as a deity, a true god (to strengthen your argument, you should probably add another example or two of his popularity with conquered peoples here).
Throughout his reign, Alexander the Great transformed himself into a representation of an immaculate (immaculate means without stain or...