Alexander the Great
Alexander III is well known as the Great for the battles he won and the territory he conquered. During his childhood he was commanding armies, winning battles and learning from the Greek philosopher Aristotle. His father, Phillip II, began the conquest of the Persian Empire but died before he could complete it. Alexander was placed in power in 336 B.C.E. and amassed one of the greatest empires in the middle ages. Upon his demise, Alexander’s empire would crumble under the pressures of internal fighting and disagreements of his policies. In the following text you will learn a more in depth view of his childhood, his conquests, his legacy and why he is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all time. (Walbank)
Alexander was born in 356 B.C.E. to Phillip II and Olympias in Macedonian. At the age of 13 his father hired Aristotle to educate Alexander in science, philosophy, and literature (Walbank). In 340, when Philip assembled a large Macedonian army and invaded Thrace, he left his 16 year old son with the power to rule Macedonia in his absence as regent, which shows that even at such young age Alexander was recognized as quite capable. But as the Macedonian army advanced deep into Thrace, the Thracian tribe of Maedi bordering north-eastern Macedonia rebelled and posed a danger to the country. Alexander assembled an army, led it against the rebels, and with swift action defeated the Maedi, captured their stronghold, and renamed it after himself to Alexandropolis (Alexander the Great Alexander of Macedon Biography, 2001-2003 ). With this victory Alexander was promoted to a general in his father’s army, where he was able to defeat the Greek forces and his bravery was said to have won the battle (Alexander the Great Alexander of Macedon Biography, 2001-2003 ). After the war his father and mother were divorced and his father married Cleopatra. Alexander took his mother and fled from Macedonia to Epirus, due to a...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document