According to Plutarch, Alexander was born on the sixth of Hecatombaeon
(July) in the year 356 B.C. He was the son of Philip, king of Macedon,and
Olympias. Supposedly on the day he was born the temple of Artemis burnt down,
signifying his future glory. Not much is known of the youth of Alexander. It
is known that he was taught by Aristotle and had a love of the Greek epic poems.
One famous story from his youth is told in Plutarch's life of Alexander.
Philonius the Thessalian brought the horse Bucephalus to Philip offering to sell
him for thirteen talents. Philip and his attendants brought the horse to a
field to try him. When they got there none of Philip's attendants could even
mount him. They were leading the horse away when young Alexander asked for a
chance to ride him. A wager was made that if Alexander could not ride the horse
he would pay the price for the horse. After the wager was made Alexander took
the horse and pointed him in the direction of the sun. He had noticed that the
horse was afraid of his own shadow. He then mounted the horse and began to ride,
to the amazement of all who watched. When he got off the horse Philip kissed
Plutarch also tells of Alexander entertaining Persian ambassadors while
his father was not present. When Alexander was 16 Philip left him in charge of
Macedon when Philip went to fight the Byzantines.
When Alexander was 20 his father was murdered at the theatre. Some say
that Alexander had a part in the plot to assassinate
his father but almost all
agree that his mother Olympias was a key figure in the death of Philip.
Whatever the case may be Alexander took the throne in 336 B.C.
Alexander is known for his conquest into Persia. When there, he
performed hellenization. Hellenization is the attempt to become "Greek."
Alexander helped this process along in the lands that he conquered.
Another of the things that Alexander did was he set up cities where ever
he went. Garrisons were left in... [continues]
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