Alexander Ii & Alexander Iii

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Alexander II & Alexander III

Alexander was the eldest son of Tsar Nicholas I and was born in Moscow in 1818. Alexander became Tsar of Russia in 1855 after his father's death. At that time Russia was in the Crimean War but then in 1856 russia signed the Treaty of Paris that put an end to the war. Alexander knew that his military power wasn't strong enough anymore and his advisers informed him that Russia's economy is not even close enough to be competed with industrialized nations such as Great Britain and France. This is when Alexander II considered to abolish serfdom in Russia but the nobility objected and Alexander's reply was "It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to wait for the time when it will begin to abolish itself from below." So Alexander abolished serfdom and all peasants were allowed and able to buy land from their landlords. He introduced other new reforms in 1864 such as allowing to elect councils for each city to administer local affairs and the councils were able to take decisions such as building schools, roads, hospital and etc. There was an attempt of assassination on Alexander II but failed. In October, 1879 group of terrorist came to live and were called People's Will and wanted to assassinate Alexander II and they even tried to several times but failed. The People's WIll contacted the Russian governmHe ent and offered a deal which was stopping the terror campaign in return they demand a constitution that provided free elections and an end to censorship for the Russian people. And on 25th of February, 1880, Alexander accepted to consider the People's Will demand to grant a constitution for the Russian people. He tried to keep the reformers satisfied but at the same time preserve the powers of the autocracy. After failure of the Russian government to announce details of the new constitution, The People's Will made another plan for assassination of Alexander II and this time they succeeded. Alexander the second faced many...
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